Reproductive Health

Our Reproductive sexual health test can allow you to take control of your health. If you're struggling with fertility issues, lab tests may help identify problems.    


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Elevation of serum AFP above values found in healthy individuals occurs in several malignant diseases, most notably nonseminomatous testicular cancer and primary hepatocellular carcinoma. AFP is not recommended as a screening procedure to detect cancer in the general population.

This assay is intended for use in the assessment of risk for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic liver disease.

Elevated AFP concentrations in amniotic fluid provide laboratory support for the diagnosis of neural tube lesion in the fetus.

Additional test processing fees will be charged if initial results dictate Reflex (further) testing.


AMH-MIS may be used in the investigation of ovarian reserve since AMH concentrations in adult women reflect the number of small antral and preantral follicles entering the growth phase of their life cycle. These follicles are proportional to the number of primordial follicles that still remain in the ovary, or the ovarian reserve.
AMH decreases throughout a woman's reproductive life, which reflects the continuous decline of the oocyte/follicle pool with age and, accordingly, ovarian aging.


This Real-Time Quantitative (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction) for the amplification of CBFB/MYH11 fusion transcript can be used to detect the chromosome aberration of inv (16) or t (16;16). It can be used to detect Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) and assess the risk for disease relapse in inv (16) or t (16;16) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML).

This FISH assay detects increases in the copy number of the telomerase component gene TERC in cervical cytology specimens, which is a finding common in high-grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (HSIL) and invasive carcinoma. A positive result in this assay is presence of extra copies of the TERC gene by either locus-specific 3q26 amplification or polysomy of chromosome 3. This is associated with HSIL and a subset of ASC-H which may require more intensive follow-up.

Methylated Septin 9 is a DNA marker associated with colorectal cancer.

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DHEA is a weakly androgenic steroid that is useful when congenital adrenal hyperplasia is suspected. It is also useful in determining the source of androgens in hyperandrogenic conditions, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and adrenal tumors.

DHEA-S is the sulfated form of DHEA and is the major androgen produced by the adrenal glands. This test is used in the differential diagnosis of hirsute or virilized female patients and for the diagnosis of isolated premature adrenarche and adrenal tumors. About 10% of hirsute women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have elevated DHEA-S but normal levels of other androgens.

DHEA-S is the sulfated form of DHEA and is the major androgen produced by the adrenal glands. This test is used in the differential diagnosis of hirsute or virilized female patients and for the diagnosis of isolated premature adrenarche and adrenal tumors. About 10% of hirsute women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) have elevated DHEA-S but normal levels of other androgens.


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Measuring the circulating levels of estradiol is important for assessing the ovarian function and monitoring follicular development for assisted reproduction protocols. Estradiol plays an essential role throughout the human menstrual cycle. Elevated estradiol levels in females may also result from primary or secondary ovarian hyperfunction. Very high estradiol levels are found during the induction of ovulation for assisted reproduction therapy or in pregnancy. Decreased estradiol levels in females may result from either lack of ovarian synthesis (primary ovarian hypofunction and menopause) or a lesion in the hypothalamus-pituitary axis (secondary ovarian hypofunction). Elevated estradiol levels in males may be due to increased aromatization of androgens, resulting in gynecomastia.

IMPORTANT - Note this Estradiol test is not for children that have yet to start their menstrual cycle.  If this test is ordered for a child that has yet to begin their menstrual cycle Quest Diagnostics labs will substitute in Estradiol, Ultrasensitive LC/MS/MS - #30289 at an additional charge of $34



The placenta converts DHEA-S produced by the fetal adrenals to Estriol and other estrogens. Estriol is useful in assessing the fetal adrenals and placenta during pregnancy. More commonly, Estriol is one of the maternal serum biochemical markers used to screen for common chromosomal trisomies, especially Down syndrome.

Estrogens are secreted by the gonads, adrenal glands, and placenta. Total estrogens provide an overall picture of estrogen status for men and women.

Estrogens, Fractionated, LC/MS includes the following tests.

  • Estrone
  • Estradiol, Ultrasensitive, LC/MS
  • Estriol, Serum

Note: Norethindrone acetate/Norethisterone acetate is known to interfere with the measurement of estrone using the Quest Diagnostics LC-MS/MS method. This test should not be used to quantitate estrone in patients taking this drug.


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Estrone is primarily derived from metabolism of androstenedione in peripheral tissues, especially adipose tissues. Individuals with obesity have increased conversion of androstenedione to Estrone leading to higher concentrations. In addition, an increase in the ratio of Estrone to Estradiol may be useful in assessing menopause in women.

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Useful in the diagnosis of hypochromic, microcytic anemias. Decreased in iron deficiency anemia and increased in iron overload.


Ferritin, Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)

  • Ferritin
  • Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)

This test is useful in the differential diagnosis of pituitary and gonadal insufficiency and in children with precocious puberty.

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FSH and LH are secreted by the anterior pituitary in response to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GNRH) secreted by the hypothalamus. In both males and females, FSH and LH secretion is regulated by a balance of positive and negative feedback mechanisms involving the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, the reproductive organs, and the pituitary and sex steroid hormones. FSH and LH play a critical role in maintaining the normal function of the male and female reproductive systems. Abnormal FSH levels with corresponding increased or decreased levels of LH, estrogens, progesterone, and testosterone are associated with a number of pathological conditions. Increased FSH levels are associated with menopause and primary ovarian hypofunction in females and primary hypogonadism in males. Decreased levels of FSH are associated with primary ovarian hyper-function in females and primary hypergonadism in males. Normal or decreased levels of FSH are associated with polycystic ovary disease in females. In males, LH is also called interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH). Abnormal LH levels with corresponding increased or decreased levels of FSH, estrogens, progesterone, and testosterone are associated with a number of pathological conditions. Increased LH levels are associated with menopause, primary ovarian hypofunction, and polycystic ovary disease in females and primary hypo-gonadism in males. Decreased LH levels are associated with primary ovarian hyperfunction in females and primary hyper-gonadism in males.

This test is useful in the differential diagnosis of pituitary and gonadal insufficiency and in children with precocious puberty.

This test is useful in the differential diagnosis of pituitary and gonadal insufficiency and in children with precocious puberty.

This test is useful in the differential diagnosis of pituitary and gonadal insufficiency and in children with precocious puberty.

This test is useful in the differential diagnosis of pituitary and gonadal insufficiency and in children with precocious puberty.


We often think about reproductive health as completely separate from the rest of our bodily functions. However, issues with our reproductive organs can have a serious effect on the rest of our health.

Paying attention to our reproductive health starts early, too. Among single teens aged 15-19, 41.6% of females and 37.5% of males have engaged in sexual intercourse at least once. Engaging in sexual intercourse can open us up to pregnancy and many types of infections and conditions.

Using reproductive health lab tests to screen our health is an important part of our health regimen, read on. 

What is Sexual and Reproductive Health?

Reproductive health is all health that is related to our reproductive organs. Checking our reproductive organ health can help make sure we haven't developed any adverse health conditions. We can keep our reproductive abilities in top shape and keep sexual relations enjoyable.

When we check in on our reproductive health, we are checking on our physical, mental, and social well-being. We should have a safe and satisfying sex life that can result in pregnancy if we choose.

Good reproductive health comes from education and resources as well as routine physical exams and tests.

There are so many conditions that can affect reproductive health that it can be hard to keep track of everything. In general, reproductive health can be affected by:

  • Fertility issues
  • Infections and diseases
  • Cancer
  • Disorders

Educating yourself about the most common conditions, the risk factors, and the causes will help you keep an eye on your health.

Causes and Risk Factors for Reproductive Health Issues

Reproductive health issues are vast and so are their causes. Conditions can come from sexual violence, genetic predisposition, or lifestyle choices. Because women have much more complicated reproductive systems, they should get checked more regularly than men.

In general, men and women who have active sex lives should get checked regularly for infections and diseases, also known as STDs and STIs.

As for fertility issues, people are more likely to have difficulty conceiving if they've had long-term undiagnosed health issues, have had an abortion, or are genetically more predisposed to infertility.

Certain pre-existing disorders, such as PCOS and endometriosis, are also very common genetic and reproductive health issues. Cancer is also a common issue that everyone should test for regularly.

Sexual violence can cause physical harm to reproductive organs and serious mental, emotional, and social stress.

Overall, everyone from any walk of life should be concerned with their reproductive health and be proactive about checking for signs of issues.

Signs and Symptoms of Reproductive Health Issues

For men and women, there can be some obvious signs and more subtle signs that you have a reproductive health issue. Physically, you could notice changes in feeling or visually. Mentally, you could notice changes in behavior and emotions. 

If you have been sexually pressured, assaulted, or battered in any way, immediately contact authorities, a counselor, or a health care professional. Sexual violence can cause you serious physical and mental harm that you should address promptly.

Reproductive health issues can cause a wide range of symptoms, many of which can regularly occur due to other issues. There are some other more special concerns, however, that point to reproductive issues. Take notice if you are experiencing changes in physical health, such as:

  • Pain or discomfort in areas of reproductive organs
  • Unusual discharge
  • Frequent urination or urgency
  • Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Unusual menstrual cycles
  • Difficulties with fertility
  • Changes in skin, hair, and nails

You should also take notice if you're experiencing mental changes, such as:

  • Mood swings
  • Brain fog and fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • PTSD

Taking note of the changes in your physical and mental health can help you notice reproductive health issues and seek a diagnosis faster.

How Are Reproductive Health Issues Diagnosed?

Exams by physicians will entail a verbal discussion about your history and lifestyle so that risk factors can be identified. Physicians will also conduct physical exams that check for outward signs of a problem. Physical exams will include:

  • Checking for skin and hair changes
  • Feeling the abdomen for protrusions, enlargements, or tenderness
  • Looking at the genital area
  • Checking for lumps in areas typically vulnerable to cancer
  • Performing more invasive exams that check organs internally

If a physician notices any changes or has any concerns, they will likely prescribe further reproductive health tests.

Common Reproductive Health Lab Tests

Many times, health care professionals might advise you to get an ultrasound test. Ultrasounds can help check organs without physically entering your body. With these exams, professionals will check for enlargements or damage to organs or even pregnancy.

Regarding sexual health lab tests, STDs and STIs are commonly tested for with swabs, urine tests and blood tests. Doctors can check for cancer with scrapes, swabs, ultrasounds, blood tests, and other exams.

If you're worried about fertility, reproductive health testing can be performed by giving sperm samples or taking blood tests. A fertility test will be able to pinpoint your issue.

Blood tests are the best way to get samples of the levels of antibodies, sex hormones, and other indicators in your system. Blood tests can test for almost any reproductive health condition you could have, making them the most versatile and accessible way to keep track of your sexual and reproductive health.

Reproductive health blood tests are available for you to buy from Ulta Lab Tests without the need for health insurance or referrals from a doctor. You'll get secure and confidential results with affordable pricing, 100% satisfaction guaranteed.

Monitor Your Reproductive Health

If you're concerned about your reproductive health, but you're embarrassed or don't have access to a physician right away, you can take control by ordering a reproductive health lab test. These sexual health tests range with a wide variety of to help you find issues with your reproductive health.

Ulta Lab Tests offers tests that are highly accurate and reliable so you can make informed decisions about your health. Order a reproductive health blood test now and get results within 1-2 days for most tests.