Performance

Did you know that bloodwork can show you how to improve your athletic performance? Learn about athlete blood tests here.

Find the right athlete blood test with Ulta Lab Tests and track your blood biomarkers to get a better picture of your health. You can now monitor and track your biomarkers' changes that measure your fitness and nutrition activities' effectiveness with Ulta Lab Tests.


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Aids in the diagnosis of primary disease of skeletal muscle myocardial infarction and viral hepatitis.

Apolipoprotein A1 (APO A1) has been reported to be a better predictor than HDL cholesterol and triglycerides for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Low levels of APO A1 in serum are associated with increased risk of CAD. The measurement of APO A1 may be of value in identifying patients with atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein B (APO B) has been reported to be a more powerful indicator of CAD than total cholesterol or LDL cholesterol in angiographic CAD and in survivors of myocardial infarction. In some patients with CAD, APO B is elevated even in the presence of normal LDL cholesterol.

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Measurement of the levels of bilirubin is used in the diagnosis and treatment of liver, hemolytic, hematologic, and metabolic disorders, including hepatitis and gall bladder obstruction. The assessment of direct bilirubin is helpful in the differentiation of hepatic disorders. The increase in total bilirubin associated with obstructive jaundice is primarily due to the direct (conjugated) fraction. Both direct and indirect bilirubin are increased in the serum with hepatitis.

Increased CRP levels are found in inflammatory conditions including: bacterial infection, rheumatic fever, active arthritis, myocardial infarction, malignancies and in the post-operative state. This test cannot detect the relatively small elevations of CRP that are associated with increased cardiovascular risk.

C-Reactive Protein Cardiac (hs CRP) Useful in predicting risk for cardiovascular disease.


There is a correlation between increased risk of premature heart disease with decreasing size of LDL particles. Ion mobility offers the only direct measurement of lipoprotein particle size and concentration for each lipoprotein from HDL3 to large VLDL.

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CoQ10 (Coenzyme Q10)

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a substance similar to a vitamin. It is found in every cell of the body. Your body makes CoQ10, and your cells use it to produce energy your body needs for cell growth and maintenance. It also functions as an antioxidant, which protects the body from damage caused by harmful molecules.


A Complete Blood Count (CBC) Panel is used as a screening test for various disease states including anemia, leukemia and inflammatory processes.

A CBC blood test includes the following biomarkers: WBC, RBC, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, Platelet count, Neutrophils, Lymphs, Monocytes, Eos, Basos, Neutrophils (Absolute), Lymphs (Absolute), Monocytes(Absolute), Eos (Absolute), Basos (Absolute), Immature Granulocytes, Immature Grans (Abs)


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Cortisol is increased in Cushing's Disease and decreased in Addison's Disease (adrenal insufficiency). Patient needs to have the specimen collected between 7 a.m.-9 a.m.


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Cortisol is increased in Cushing's Disease and decreased in Addison's Disease (adrenal insufficiency).

DHEA-S is the sulfated form of DHEA and is the major androgen produced by the adrenal glands. This test is used in the differential diagnosis of hirsute or virilized female patients and for the diagnosis of isolated premature adrenarche and adrenal tumors. About 10% of hirsute women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) have elevated DHEA-S but normal levels of other androgens.


DHT is a potent androgen derived from testosterone via 5-alpha-reductase activity. 5-alpha-reductase deficiency results in incompletely virilized males (phenotypic females). This diagnosis is supported by an elevated ratio of testosterone to DHT.

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Measuring the circulating levels of estradiol is important for assessing the ovarian function and monitoring follicular development for assisted reproduction protocols. Estradiol plays an essential role throughout the human menstrual cycle. Elevated estradiol levels in females may also result from primary or secondary ovarian hyperfunction. Very high estradiol levels are found during the induction of ovulation for assisted reproduction therapy or in pregnancy. Decreased estradiol levels in females may result from either lack of ovarian synthesis (primary ovarian hypofunction and menopause) or a lesion in the hypothalamus-pituitary axis (secondary ovarian hypofunction). Elevated estradiol levels in males may be due to increased aromatization of androgens, resulting in gynecomastia.

IMPORTANT - Note this Estradiol test is not for children that have yet to start their menstrual cycle.  If this test is ordered for a child that has yet to begin their menstrual cycle Quest Diagnostics labs will substitute in Estradiol, Ultrasensitive LC/MS/MS - #30289 at an additional charge of $34


Estrogens are secreted by the gonads, adrenal glands, and placenta. Total estrogens provide an overall picture of estrogen status for men and women.

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Useful in the diagnosis of hypochromic, microcytic anemias. Decreased in iron deficiency anemia and increased in iron overload.


Fibrinogen is essential for the formation of a blood clot. Deficiency can produce mild to severe bleeding disorders

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Folic acid deficiency is common in pregnant women, alcoholics, in patients whose diets do not include raw fruits and vegetables, and in people with structural damage to the small intestine. The most reliable and direct method of diagnosing folate deficiency is the determination of folate levels in both erythrocytes and serum. Low folic acid levels, however, can also be the result of a primary vitamin B12 deficiency that decreases the ability of cells to take up folic acid

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FSH and LH are secreted by the anterior pituitary in response to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GNRH) secreted by the hypothalamus. In both males and females, FSH and LH secretion is regulated by a balance of positive and negative feedback mechanisms involving the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, the reproductive organs, and the pituitary and sex steroid hormones. FSH and LH play a critical role in maintaining the normal function of the male and female reproductive systems. Abnormal FSH levels with corresponding increased or decreased levels of LH, estrogens, progesterone, and testosterone are associated with a number of pathological conditions. Increased FSH levels are associated with menopause and primary ovarian hypofunction in females and primary hypogonadism in males. Decreased levels of FSH are associated with primary ovarian hyper-function in females and primary hypergonadism in males. Normal or decreased levels of FSH are associated with polycystic ovary disease in females. In males, LH is also called interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH). Abnormal LH levels with corresponding increased or decreased levels of FSH, estrogens, progesterone, and testosterone are associated with a number of pathological conditions. Increased LH levels are associated with menopause, primary ovarian hypofunction, and polycystic ovary disease in females and primary hypo-gonadism in males. Decreased LH levels are associated with primary ovarian hyperfunction in females and primary hyper-gonadism in males.

Elevated GGT is found in all forms of liver disease. Measurement of GGT is used in the diagnosis and treatment of alcoholic cirrhosis, as well as primary and secondary liver tumors. It is more sensitive than alkaline phosphatase, the transaminases, and leucine aminopeptidase in detecting obstructive jaundice, cholangitis, and cholecystitis. Normal levels of GGT are seen in skeletal diseases; thus, GGT in serum can be used to ascertain whether a disease, suggested by elevated alkaline phosphatase, is skeletal or hepatobiliary.

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Measurement of GH is primarily of interest in the diagnosis and treatment of various forms of inappropriate growth hormone secretion. Growth hormone measurements in children are used in the evaluation of short stature and help differentiate low GH production from other sources of growth failure. Stimulation and suppression tests are often more meaningful than random measurements.

A Hemoglobin (Hb) A1c Blood Test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood. The A1c test will help determine whether you are at a higher risk of developing diabetes; to help diagnose diabetes and prediabetes; to monitor diabetes and to aid in treatment decisions.

To assist with control of blood glucose levels, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended glycated hemoglobin testing (HbA1c) twice a year for patients with stable glycemia, and quarterly for patients with poor glucose control. Interpretative ranges are based on ADA guidelines.


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Elevated levels of homocysteine are observed in patients at risk for coronary heart disease and stroke.

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Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, or somatomedin C), a protein involved in stimulating somatic growth, is regulated principally by growth hormone (GH) and nutritional intake. IGF-I is transported in serum by several proteins; this helps maintain relatively high IGF-I plasma levels and minimizes fluctuations in serum IGF-I concentrations. Measuring IGF-I is useful in several growth-related disorders. Dwarfism caused by deficiency of growth hormone (hypopituitarism) results in decreased serum levels of IGF-I, while acromegaly (growth hormone excess) results in elevated levels of IGF-I. IGF-I measurements are also helpful in assessing nutritional status; levels are reduced in undernutrition and restored with a proper diet.



As an athlete, you are continuously striving to become the best version of yourself. Over time, you may have noticed that there are some things that you simply cannot do.

This doesn't mean that you have peaked as an athlete. It could be the result of hormone or nutritional deficiencies or inflammation in the body.

With an athlete blood test, you can reach this goal of becoming a better athlete. Continue reading to learn how these blood tests can help you to improve your performance as an athlete.

Traditional Blood Work Panels Can Only Do So Much

Having bloodwork done at your yearly physical is great and all, but it won't actually tell you much. With run-of-the-mill blood testing, you may be able to prevent certain training issues. However, it won't actually give you food or lifestyle recommendations that will help you become a better athlete over time.

What Can Athlete Blood Tests Tell You?

Biomarkers measured in athlete blood tests make it so that you can optimize human performance, and they are readily available to consumers at an affordable price through Ulta Lab Tests. With an athlete blood test, you can test for biomarkers that give you insight into nutrition, hormones, and performance. It can also track deficiencies that may be holding you back as an athlete.

A blood analysis  specific to athletes can look into:

  • Overall health
  • Risks of injury
  • Muscle status
  • Hydration 
  • Nutrition

With the analysis of these things, you can see the reactions that your body may be producing as a result of your athletic lifestyle. 

The best thing about these tests is that the comparisons are based on others who have the same athletic lifestyle as you do. These tests will be able to give you recommendations for:

  • Energy boosts
  • Sleep regulation
  • Possible injuries
  • Possible illnesses
  • Enhanced performance

Athlete blood tests look at several factors, including inflammation, immunity, and deficiencies. 

Suppose the blood test shows signs of high cortisol and inflammation. In that case, it can point you towards healing any hormone deficiencies that you may be dealing with as a result of intense exercise regimens. Biomarkers for inflammation may point to the fact that you are overtraining and need to take a break. 

Having nutrition deficiencies can be causing you to have energy or performance issues. The most common nutrition deficiency seen in athletes is iron deficiency because it is so easy to lose iron through sweating or running. An iron deficiency causes weakness, extreme fatigue, and pain which can affect your performance.

An athlete's blood test can help to identify these issues. These tests can help to point you in the right direction towards becoming the best version of yourself.

Tests Available Through Ulta Lab Tests

Several different tests are available through Ulta Lab Tests that can test for key performance biomarkers in the blood.

Wellness Performance FX tests 116 biomarkers through a series of tests focusing on cardiovascular and metabolic health. It also evaluates blood, kidney, and liver health, along with electrolytes, vitamins, and minerals. 

The Comprehensive Performance test checks for 142 biomarkers through several tests, including:

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) (include blood levels, differential, and platelets)
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
  • Lipid Panel with Ratios
  • Lipoprotein Fractionation, Ion Mobility
  • Urinalysis (UA) Complete

Two tests focus on the health of an athlete based on the hormones: 

The Blueprint Fitness- 3 Performance Panel focuses on:

  • Metabolic performance (including the resting metabolic rate)
  • Training status
  • Endurance & conditioning

The multifaceted athlete blueprint blood test will look for discrepancies in several tests, including:

  • Complete Blood Count
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
  • Estrogen/Testosterone
  • Immunoglobulin
  • Iron Total Iron Binding Capacity

These lab tests for enhancing performance focus on the benefits of testing and the types of tests used for optimal athletic performance. This means that these tests can be used to screen, diagnose, and monitor certain health conditions as well. 

Athletic Performance Determined by Biomarkers

The Complete Blood Count panel is great for getting the inside look into an athlete's performance. It highlights biomarkers, like Vitamin D and Ferritin, that impact the athlete's ability to perform to the best of their abilities. It also tests for cortisol and creatine levels in relation to overtraining and injury prevention. 

DHEA-S refers to the dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate test that checks for adrenal function/dysfunction. Having too low DHEA-S levels can cause diabetes, chronic fatigue, weakened bones (osteoporosis), while higher levels can point to adrenal cancer or PCOS. 

Thyroid testing is essential for athletes who are struggling with fatigue, unexplained weight gain, irregular menstrual cycles, muscle cramps, depression, and irritability. Having abnormal thyroid levels can cause all of these issues for no apparent reason. Once you know that your thyroid is causing issues, you can work with your doctor to get them back to normal.

In general, urine tests are completed to detect possible drug use in athletes. A Complete Urinalysis, however, tests urine to detect any dysfunction within the kidneys and urinary tract for infections or illnesses. 

Hormones play a huge part in athletic performance. Testing for growth hormone, thyroxine, testosterone, cortisol, estradiol, and progesterone has a predictive role in how training needs to be adapted for optimal athletic performance.

A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) measures the levels of glucose and electrolytes in the body. It also determines liver and kidney function. These levels are then used to determine how your diet and exercise regimen keep your body balanced and helps you to figure out what you need to change to become the best athlete you can be.

Order Your Athlete Lab Tests From Ulta Lab Tests

Several benefits come with the use of Ulta Lab Tests. These tests are highly accurate and reliable because they are performed in a lab by a phlebotomist (they are not at-home test kits). 

These tests are so reliable that they come with a 100% satisfaction guarantee. You don't need a physician's referral or health insurance coverage for them. You can count on receiving secure and confident results within 24 and 48 hours. 

Contact Ulta Lab Tests today with any questions that you may have about an athlete blood test.