Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

The UTI test includes the two most common tests to detect urinary tract infections. The urinalysis comprises a group of physical, chemical, and microscopic tests on a urine sample and a urine culture that looks for evidence of infection, such as bacteria and white blood cells. Ulta Lab Tests provides reliable blood work and secure testing, so order today!


Name Matches

Catecholamines, Fractionated and VMA, 24-Hour Urine without Creatinine

Catecholamines are a group of similar substances released into the blood in response to physical or emotional stress. The primary catecholamines are dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline), and norepinephrine. Catecholamine testing measures the amounts of these hormones in the urine and/or blood. Urine testing is recommended over blood testing.

Patient Preparation

It is preferable for the patient to be off medications for three days prior to collection. However, common antihypertensives (diuretics, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, alpha and beta blockers) may cause minimal or no interference.
Patient should avoid tobacco, tea, coffee, and strenuous exercise for 8-12 hours prior to collection.



Culture, Urine, Routine 

Test Details

IMPORTANT- this is a REFLEX test..... ADDITIONAL CHARGES WILL BE APPLIED IF TEST IS POSITIVE.

If culture is positive, CPT code(s): 87088 (each isolate) will be added with an additional charge.  Identification will be performed at an additional charge (CPT code(s): 87077 or 87140 or 87143 or 87147 or 87149).

Antibiotic susceptibilities are only performed when appropriate (CPT code(s): 87181 or 87184 or 87185 or 87186).

  • ORG ID 1. $ 12.45 
  • ORG ID 2. $ 23.95 
  • PRESUMPTIVE ID 1. $ 12.45 
  • PRESUMPTIVE ID 2. $ 23.95 
  • SUSC-1  $14.95 
  • SUSC-2  $28.95
     

Clinical Significance

Culture, Urine, Routine - This culture is designed to quantitate the growth of significant bacteria when collected by the Clean Catch Guidelines or from indwelling catheters.  Quantitative culturing of urine is an established tool to differentiate significant bacteruria from contamination introduced during voiding. This test has a reference range of less than 1,000 bacteria per mL. More than 95% of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are attributed to a single organism. Infecting organisms are usually present at greater that 100,000 per mL, but a lower density may be clinically important. In cases of UTI where more than one organism is present, the predominant organism is usually significant and others are probably urethral or collection contaminants. When multiple organisms are isolated from patients with indwelling catheters, UTI is doubtful and colonization likely.


StoneRisk® Diagnostic Profile

Clinical Significance

StoneRisk® Diagnostic Profile - StoneRisk® profile is for stone formers with a positive urine culture indicating urinary tract infection (UTI), also for recurrent stone formers or when attending physician deems it medically necessary for the patient to have comprehensive metabolic evaluation.

Includes

Ammonium Urine, Brushite, Calcium Oxalate, Calcium Urine, Citrate Urine, Creatinine Urine, Magnesium Urine, Oxalate Urine, pH Urine, Phosphorus Urine, Potassium Urine, Sodium Urate, Sodium Urine, Struvite, Sulfate Urine, Uric Acid, Uric Acid Urine

 

Alternative Name(s)

Kidney Stone,Stone Analysis, Kidney

Performing Laboratory

Specialty Laboratories, Inc. 

27027 Tourney Road

Valencia, CA 91355-5386

 


Most Popular

Dipstick urinalysis is important in accessing the chemical constituents in the urine and the relationship to various disease states. Microscopic examination helps to detect the presence of cells and other formed elements.


UTI Panel with Reflux Tests



A UTI or Urinary Tract Infection is an infection from microbes that affects any part of the urinary system. This includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.

Kidneys are bean-shaped organs located in the lower back, just below the ribcage, on each side of the spine. They are part of the urinary tract and primary filter out the blood, producing urine to transport excess water and urine out of the body. The urine is passed through the ureters and makes its way into the bladder. Kidneys ideally help control pH levels as well as blood pressure.

The bladder is a hollow, muscular sac that stores urine passed from the kidneys. It’s typically the size of a pear but can stretch larger as required. When it stretches to a certain point, it signals the body to relieve the increasing pressure. During urination, the muscular valve at the organ’s opening relaxes, the bladder contracts and urine is sent out of the body through the urethra.

Urinary Tract Infection is a blanket term, but the infection can be identified depending on the part of the urinary system that’s affected. Here are common examples of UTIs:

  • Cystitis – Occurs when the bladder is infected.
  • Pyelonephritis – The infection of one or both kidneys.
  • Urethritis – The infection or inflammation of the urethra. This condition is often a symptom of an STD (sexually transmitted disease) like gonorrhea, chlamydia, or herpes. It is important to note that STD treatment is different from that of typical urinary tract infections.

UTIs usually develop when microbes make their way into the urethra. They stick to the urethra walls, multiply and move up the urinary tract. Most urinary tract infections don’t go beyond the lower tract, i.e., urethra and bladder. Here, they cause symptoms like a burning sensation when one urinates. UTIs are not complicated and are relatively easy to treat. However, if left unattended, they can move further to the upper tract and infect the ureters and kidneys.

The latter is considered more dangerous than bladder or urethra infection as it can result in permanent kidney damage. Some infections can make their way into the bloodstream, causing sepsis or septicemia, which can be life-threatening. However, such infections tend to be rare.

Even though viruses and fungi can cause UTIs, bacteria are the biggest culprits, most specifically Escherichia coli (bacteria that’s usually found in the digestive system and frequently present in stool and around the anus. Proteus, Enterococcus, Staphylococcus, and Klebsiella are other types of bacteria that can cause urinary tract infections.

UTIs are not an uncommon occurrence. According to the American Urological Association Foundation (AUAF), over 8 million people go to the hospital due to UTI concerns per year. UTIs can affect anyone, regardless of age, but women are more susceptible. According to stats, only 12% of men, compared to 40% of women contract at least one UTI in their lifetime.

The reason women are prone to these infections is thought to be partly anatomical as the female urethra is shorter than that of a male. As such, microbes don’t have to travel as far to get to the bladder. Ideally, the short distance between the female’s vagina and anus and the urethra increases the exposure to microbes.

Anything that blocks or slows urine passage or introduces bacteria into the urinary system increases the chances of the individual contracting a UTI.

Common conditions and activities that can result in the development of urinary tract infection include:

  • Sexual intercourse
  • A history of previous urinary tract infections
  • The use of spermicides, particularly when combined with a condom
  • Urine retention (This is a case where the bladder doesn’t empty entirely.)
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (This is the unusual flow of urine, whereby it goes back to the ureters from the bladder.)
  • Anatomical issues like narrowing of the ureters or urethra
  • Long-term bladder catheterization
  • Kidney stones
  • Diabetes or changes to the immune system can damage the kidneys, resulting in the presence of glucose in the urine, which promotes bacteria growth
  • Spinal cord injuries or nerve damage that involves the bladder
  • Kidney disease/transplant

In women, menopause results in changes in the vagina lining, and estrogen loses its protective effects. In men, an enlarged prostate can interfere with urine flow. Basically, any condition that hampers the immune system can increase the risk of getting a UTI.

As mentioned earlier, UTIs are often acute and non-complex. When attended to, the symptoms go away in a few days. However, those that affect the kidney can lead to permanent kidney damage, particularly in young and elderly people.

Diseases or conditions that lead to chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections can ideally cause kidney damage and, in some cases, septicemia and renal failure. These call for prompt treatment, which usually calls for hospitalization. In men, these infections can lead to prostate infection and inflammation. In women, they can cause premature labor and high blood pressure.

Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections are an issue for 1 in 5 women after the initial infection. Often, recurrent infections are caused by the same bacteria responsible for the first infection. With each infection, the risk of having more increases.

Some of the recurrent UTIs recurrent factors in women are:

  • Use of spermicide
  • Contracting UTI at an early age
  • Frequent sexual intercourse
  • Maternal history of urinary tract infections

It’s rare for men to have a first UTI, but once it happens, the chances of getting another increase as the microbes may hide deep within the prostate tissue.

UTI Signs and Symptoms

Even though urinary tract infection symptoms tend to vary, the following tend to be common:

  • Burning sensation or burning during urination
  • A frequent urge to urinate
  • Pelvic pain
  • Strong-smelling, cloudy urine

Individuals with UTIs can ideally experience pressure in the lower abdomen and notice small blood amounts in the urine. If the infection is more severe, it can cause nausea, vomiting, shaking, fever, chills, and flank pain. Fevers are ideally experienced when the individual has septicemia.

Laboratory Tests

Common UTI lab tests include:

Urinalysis

Most, if not all, urinary tract infections are detected by conducting urinalysis, a procedure that searches for infection evidence like bacteria and white blood cells in a urine sample.

Urine Culture

For patients with recurring UTIs or those who are hospitalized, urine culture is done to confirm urinalysis.

One or more lab tests can be conducted as follow up cases. These include:

  • When the doctor suspects the infection may have made its way into the bloodstream. In this case, a blood culture is performed.
  • When the doctor suspects the patient’s symptoms are due to an STD like gonorrhea or chlamydia. In this case, testing for more than one STD is conducted.
  • When the patient has chronic or recurring UTIs. Tests like glucose or hemoglobin a1c or BUN and creatinine can ideally be done.
  • When the individual has had kidney stones in addition to a urinary tract infection. In such a case, a kidney stone analysis is conducted.

Non-Lab UTI Tests

X-rays and imaging scans can be used to assess anatomical issues or the signs of an underlying condition or disease that could be causing recurrent urinary tract infections. These tests are usually performed on children with UTIs, adults with recurrent or frequent UTIs, and those with blood in the urine.

There are different types of imaging tests, each providing different, but crucial information:

Voiding Cystourethrogram

This is an imaging technique that allows practitioners to see the bladder and urethra in real-time.

Kidney & Bladder Ultrasound

In this test, sound waves are utilized to produce images of these organs, allowing the practitioners to assess any abnormalities.

Cystoscopy

In this technique, a flexible tube is inserted into the urethra, up into the bladder. It allows the doctors to assess the inner lining of urethra and bladder. It helps identify blockages and structural abnormalities. If there is a stone, the same technique can be used to break or remove the stone. Tissue and urine samples can ideally be obtained using this technique.

Nuclear Scans

There’s an array of scans that can be used to check the shape and function of the kidneys and bladder. For each type of scan, a radioactive dye is introduced to the bloodstream, which is transported to the kidneys and bladder. This allows the visualization of anatomical abnormalities.

Intravenous Pyelogram or IVP

This is another imaging technique that is used to look at the entire urinary system. An opaque dye is injected into the bloodstream, which then makes its way to the bladder and kidneys. A series of x-rays are then taken, which reveal anatomical abnormalities or reveal obstructions.

These are the main tests conducted to confirm urinary tract infection. Thanks to technological advancements in the medical field, these tests can be easily done in most hospitals. With this guide, you should be able to tell whether you are looking at a UTI, especially when you experience a burning sensation when urinating. UTIs, as mentioned earlier, are easily identifiable and treatable, and symptoms often disappear in two days. If you suspect you have a UTI, however, it’s important to consult your doctor as soon as possible to avoid life-threatening conditions like sepsis.

 

Did you know that 60% of women and 12% of men have a UTI during their lifetime? It can cause a lot of pain, and if it is not treated properly, it leads to more serious issues. That is why it is essential to take UTI tests when you are exhibiting symptoms.

Keep reading to learn more about the myths and facts of UTIs.

What Is a UTI?

A UTI, or urinary tract infection, can manifest in any area of the urinary system. The system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. However, the most common infections are in the lower parts of the urinary tract, the bladder, and the urethra. 

Some of the common symptoms are mild and will only cause some discomfort. These symptoms usually include frequent urinating but only passing small amounts, cloudy urine, strong-smelling urine, and pelvic pain. 

Common Misconceptions

There are many myths about UTIs that have become accepted as truth over the years. It is, after all, the most common infection around the globe. However, it is important to separate myth from fact. 

We will first discuss the common misconceptions.

UTIs and Sex

Many people believe that a UTI is a sexually transmitted infection. Although a UTI can indeed be contracted during sexual activity, both by men and women, it is not the only way to contract a UTI.

Having sex does not cause or transmit a UTI. Instead, the urinary tract becomes infected when bacteria travel from the anus to the urethra due to the increased activity in the genital area. 

To avoid contracting a UTI during sex, wash before and after, and urinate immediately after as well. 

UTIs and Personal Hygiene

Urinary tract infections are not caused due to poor hygiene. It is commonly said that bacteria in the urine means that there is an infection. Often doctors prescribe antibiotics because bacteria shows in the sample. 

Many people believe that it is caused due to tight clothes, the method of wiping, and tampon use. However, this is also a common misconception. Some individuals just have a harder time getting rid of harmful bacteria, and an infection develops. 

UTIs and Common Symptoms

It is often believed that the frequency of urinating and the burning sensation of urination indicates an infection. Although these are symptoms of a UTI, they may indicate a different issue, such as a yeast infection, vaginitis, or a sexually transmitted infection. 

This is why it is important to take the right UTI lab tests when you suspect an infection. 

Facts You Should Know

Now that we have debunked some of the myths, we will look at some of the facts about UTIs. After all, it is important to know both myth and fact.

Women Are at a Larger Risk

Unfortunately, being female puts you at a higher risk of contracting a UTI. This is due to the bacteria that is present in the rectum and the close proximity to the urethra. Bacteria can easily travel up the urinary tract.

Since the distance between the rectum and the urethra is greater in men, they are less susceptible to UTIs.

Proper Prevention

Many natural health remedies call for the consumption of cranberry juice or tea. However, there is no scientific evidence to back this up. Instead, drinking plenty of water and emptying your bladder on a regular basis have proven to be helpful.

Doctors are also recommending taking probiotics, either through foods like yogurt, or supplements as prevention.

The Right UTI Tests

As mentioned previously, the presence of bacteria in urine does not necessarily indicate an infection. Therefore, taking a cultural UTI test is more informative than a dip test. It will show you exactly which bacteria is present and causing the infection. 

A culture test is typically used for those who have recurring infections. An infection is considered recurring when you have three or more infections in a year or two infections in six months. 

Different Types of UTI Tests

There are different types of tests for a UTI that are all beneficial and result in different information. 

The first is a urinalysis test. It is used to look for indications of an infection such as white blood cells and bacteria, and chemicals in the urine. 

The second, a culture test, attempts to detect which type of bacteria is present in the urine. This can be beneficial to determine which antibiotic will be best for treating the infection.

Thirdly, susceptibility testing also helps to determine which antibiotics and treatments are best for the infection. It evaluates the bacteria and measures how sensitive it is to different treatments. 

When a UTI is considered complicated, it means that the patient is either a child, pregnant, or there are indications that the infection has spread into the blood system. There are several tests to determine the severity of the UTI. 

These urinary tract infection lab tests can check for sepsis, blood countSTIs, kidney health, and overall health of the urinary tract. 

When to Get Tested

Sometimes your body is able to fight off the UTI before you even notice what is happening. However, if you are experiencing any symptoms, you should contact your doctor right away for UTI testing. You can also order directly from Ulta Lab Tests a Urinalysis and Urine Culture to test for a UTI and get your results back in 24 to 48 hours.

An untreated infection can cause serious repercussions down the road that can easily be prevented with the right treatment.

It is important to note that taking antibiotics frequently can reduce the effectiveness of the treatment. Talk with your doctor if you have recurring UTIs.

Purchase Your Test Today

UTIs can be uncomfortable and even painful. Get it taken care of right away to avoid further complications by taking UTI tests and getting treatment.

You don't have to wait for your doctor to get tested. Instead, order your Urinalysis and Urine Culture tests with Ulta Lab Tests today. The benefits of our UTI tests are secure, affordable, and you will have a 100% satisfaction guarantee. All you need to do is order the test, and we will do the rest!