Metabolic Tests

Our metabolic tests measure 14 distinct substances in your blood and provide you with vital information about your metabolism, liver, and kidney health. 

Do you have any of the following symptoms?

  • Undesirable weight 
  • Added weight 
  • Chronic fatigue 
  • abdominal ache 
  • vomit and nausea 
  • Appetite loss 
  • Unsatisfied hunger and thirst 
  • Skin alterations include color changes, bruising, thinning, and delayed healing.

If so, it might be a sign that you're suffering from a metabolic disorder. Metabolic disorders are conditions that affect how your body breaks down food and turns it into energy. They can also cause changes in your metabolism, leading to weight gain or loss. 

We offer a wide range of lab tests to diagnose and monitor metabolic illnesses such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, liver disease, renal disease, and more.

More information about Metabolic disorders and lab testing may be found by clicking here.

A metabolic disorder may evolve into a metabolic syndrome if you have these five risk factors. 

  • higher blood pressure (130/85 mmHg) 
  • high blood sugar (insulin resistance) 
  • excess fat around the waist.
  • high triglyceride levels.
  • low HDL (good cholesterol) levels

Metabolic syndrome is a condition identified by the inability of the body's metabolic system to work correctly. In sum, it is a collection of metabolic disorders. If left untreated, these conditions lead to diabetes and cardiovascular disease, among other health problems. The good news is that there are lab tests available for early detection and monitoring, so you can take action to prevent future complications from arising before it becomes too late!

If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above and/or risk factors for metabolic syndrome, we can assist you in taking control of your health. Select from our lab tests listed below to help you figure out what sort of condition you have so you can get the support you need as soon as possible. Use these lab tests to track changes and monitor treatments you are undergoing to ensure that everything is going as planned.

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Metabolic Discovery Comprehensive Panel

This thorough set of tests helps assess your metabolism. Are you storing too much fat and sugar or perhaps too little? Are you insulin resistant with subsequent inflammation? You can run this panel to discover whether your diet, fitness and nutritional habits are providing you the metabolic health and longevity you deserve. Don’t settle for one-size-fits-all health advice.

Preparation: Fast for 10-16 hours, overnight. Drink enough water and take your prescribed medications. No coffee or vigorous exercise on the morning of the blood draw.

CONTAINS ALL OF THE TESTS IN THE Metabolic Discovery Panel

  • CBC (includes Differential and Platelets)
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
  • Ferritin
  • Hemoglobin A1c with eAG
  • Insulin
  • Lipid Panel with Ratios
  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
  • Vitamin D, 25-Hydroxy, Total, Immunoassay


  • Adiponectin 
  • Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)
  • Leptin
  • T3, Free
  • T4, Free
  • TSH

Identifying patients who have metabolic syndrome and who are thus at higher risk of diabetes, coronary heart disease or stroke. Identifying patients who are insulin resistant (fasting insulin at or above the 75th percentile) and who are thus at higher risk of diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, or liver disease. Monitoring of risk factors and insulin levels after life style change, medication use, or both.

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The adiponectin ELISA assay quantitatively measures human adiponectin in serum. It has been shown that decreased expression of adiponectin correlates with insulin resistance. Adiponectin appears to be a potent insulin enhancer linking adipose tissue and whole body glucose metabolism.

Serum albumin measurements are used in the monitoring and treatment of numerous diseases involving those related to nutrition and pathology particularly in the liver and kidney. Serum albumin is valuable when following response to therapy where improvement in the serum albumin level is the best sign of successful medical treatment. There may be a loss of albumin in the gastrointestinal tract, in the urine secondary to renal damage or direct loss of albumin through the skin. More than 50% of patients with gluten enteropathy have depressed albumin. The only cause of increased albumin is dehydration; there is no naturally occurring hyperalbuminemia

Serum alkaline phosphatase levels are of interest in the diagnosis of hepatobiliary disorders and bone disease associated with increased osteoblastic activity. Moderate elevations of alkaline phosphatase may be seen in several conditions that do not involve the liver or bone. Among these are Hodgkin's disease, congestive heart failure, ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis, and intra-abdominal bacterial infections. Elevations are also observed during the third trimester of pregnancy.

Anion Gap Panel (Electrolyte Balance) includes the following test.

  • Anion gap 4
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Chloride
  • Carbon dioxide

AST is widely distributed throughout the tissues with significant amounts being in the heart and liver. Lesser amounts are found in skeletal muscles, kidneys, pancreas, spleen, lungs, and brain. Injury to these tissues results in the release of the AST enzyme to general circulation. In myocardial infarction, serum AST may begin to rise within 6-8 hours after onset, peak within two days and return to normal by the fourth or fifth day post infarction. An increase in serum AST is also found with hepatitis, liver necrosis, cirrhosis, and liver metastasis.

See individual tests

See individual analytes

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Measurement of the levels of bilirubin is used in the diagnosis and treatment of liver, hemolytic, hematologic, and metabolic disorders, including hepatitis and gall bladder obstruction. The assessment of direct bilirubin is helpful in the differentiation of hepatic disorders. The increase in total bilirubin associated with obstructive jaundice is primarily due to the direct (conjugated) fraction. Both direct and indirect bilirubin are increased in the serum with hepatitis.

Measurement of the levels of bilirubin is used in the diagnosis and treatment of liver, hemolytic, hematologic, and metabolic disorders, including hepatitis and gall bladder obstructive disease

Measurement of the levels of bilirubin is used in the diagnosis and treatment of liver, hemolytic, hematologic, and metabolic disorders, including hepatitis and gallbladder obstructive disease.

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Serum calcium is involved in the regulation of neuromuscular and enzyme activity, bone metabolism and blood coagulation. Calcium blood levels are controlled by a complex interaction of parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, calcitonin and adrenal cortical steroids. Calcium measurements are useful in the diagnosis of parathyroid disease, some bone disorders and chronic renal disease. A low level of calcium may result in tetany.

Measurements are used in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous potentially serious disorders associated with changes in body acid-base balance.

Carnitine, LC/MS/MS Includes: Carnitine, Total; Carnitine, Free; Carnitine, Esters; Esterified/Free Ratio


Clinical Significance

Serum carnitine analysis is useful in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with carnitine deficiency (either primary or secondary). Primary carnitine deficiency is an autosomal recessively inherited genetic condition that affects carnitine uptake by cells and tissues through a defect in the plasma membrane carnitine transporter. Secondary carnitine deficiency can be seen in some disease states or in patients on carnitine-poor diets, but is also seen in a number of metabolic disorders. In these disorders, carnitine complexes with the accumulated substrate of the blocked metabolic step, and the resulting acylcarnitine ester is excreted in the urine, leading to a depletion of carnitine in the patient

Serum chloride is the major extracellular anion and counter-balances the major cation, sodium, maintaining electrical neutrality of the body fluids. Two thirds of the total anion concentration in extracellular fluids is chloride and it is significantly involved in maintaining proper hydration and osmotic pressure. Movement of chloride ions across the red blood cell membrane is essential for the transport of biocarbonate ions in response to changing concentrations of carbon dioxide. Chloride measurements are used in the diagnosis and treatment of electrolyte and metabolic disorders such as cystic fibrosis and diabetic acidosis.

Clinical Significance

Urine chloride excretion approximates the dietary intake. The chloride content of most foods parallel that of sodium. An increase in urine chloride may result from water deficient dehydration, diabetic acidosis, Addison's disease, and salt-losing renal disease. Decreased urine levels are seen in congestive heart failure, severe diaphoresis and in hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis due to prolonged vomiting.

NTx is useful to assess bone resorption in patients with metabolic bone disease and monitor therapy to slow or halt osteoporotic bone loss. A decline of 30% or more of NTx over a six-month period suggests effective therapy.

NTx is useful to assess bone resorption in patients with metabolic bone disease. The test is also useful in monitoring therapy to slow or halt osteoporotic bone loss. A decline of 30% or more of NTx over a six-month period suggests effective therapy.

CTx is useful to assess bone resorption in patients with metabolic bone disease. The test is also useful in monitoring therapy to slow or halt osteoporotic bone loss.

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

Lab Tests to Identify and Monitor Metabolic Disorders

More than one in three adults in the United States has metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a condition identified by the inability of the body's metabolic system to work properly. In sum, it is a collection of metabolic disorders.

Considering that metabolic disorders are so common, it's likely that you or someone you know has a metabolic disorder of some kind. These disorders can make it harder to control weight and energy.

To learn more about metabolic disorders and what metabolic tests you can take for them, keep reading.

What Are Metabolic Disorders?

By definition, a metabolic disorder is a condition in which the body's metabolism isn't functioning correctly. This broad categorization means that there is a wide range of classifications, causes, symptoms, and treatments.

Metabolism is the collection of processes that turn food into energy. These processes are chemical and hormonal, meaning that they can affect the whole body. 

Given that metabolism is a collection of many processes, different kinds of metabolic disorders can arise when different processes aren't working correctly.

A metabolic disorder may form from an incorrect enzyme, a faulty energy system, or a diseased organ.

Risk Factors for Metabolic Disorders

Unfortunately, there isn't a way to completely prevent metabolic disorders. The majority of these conditions are genetic.

Given that the true cause of these disorders is unknown, there is no way to determine absolute risk factors.

However, there are a few correlations that physicians and scientists have made. From those correlations, the medical community has determined that the risk factors for type II diabetes are closely tied to patients who have metabolic disorders.

Here are those risk factors:

  • Excess body fat
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Inactivity
  • Dehydration

By taking care of your body, you may improve your symptoms associated with metabolic syndrome. If it feels like your condition has hijacked your body, you may need to speak with your healthcare provider about further interventions.

Causes of Metabolic Disorders

As we briefly mentioned, there is no definitive cause for most metabolic disorders. Most of these conditions are passed down through genetics.

Our genes tell our bodies how to perform certain metabolic processes. Sometimes, these genes mutate and give incorrect directions, causing a changed enzyme or incorrect chemical to perform metabolic processes. 

If a mutation happens somewhere in the genetic line, that mutation can go down to offspring for generations.

Few metabolic disorders aren't passed down through genetics. These likely occur because of a disease process in the body or a damaged organ or gland. The most common examples are the pancreas in diabetes and the thyroid in thyroid disorders. 

Patients with these kinds of metabolic issues can find some relief with treatment. However, there is no guarantee that the patient's symptoms will be completely relieved with the treatment of their condition.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Metabolic Disorders?

Because metabolic disorders affect the entire body, their symptoms are widespread and plentiful. The signs that you may notice will depend on the kind of metabolic disorder you have.

For example, patients with Graves disease (an autoimmune disease of the thyroid associated with hyperthyroidism) may lose weight with their metabolic disorder. On the other hand, patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (an autoimmune disease of the thyroid associated with hypothyroidism) may gain weight with their metabolic disorder.

Here are the common signs and symptoms for all kinds of metabolic disorders:

  • Unintended weight loss
  • Unexpected weight gain
  • Chronic lack of energy
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Decreased appetite
  • Feeling hungry and thirsty despite already eating and drinking
  • Changes to the skin such as color changes, bruising easily, thinning, and healing slowly

Children and babies with metabolic disorders may experience developmental delays. You may notice that they aren't reaching developmental milestones like their peers are.

How Are Metabolic Disorders Diagnosed?

First, your healthcare provider will talk to you about any family history you may have of metabolic disorders. Then, they'll evaluate the symptoms that you're presenting.

From there, the physician may choose to order metabolic blood tests to see if the chemicals and hormones in your blood are at optimal levels. These tests will also give them insight into how to help you control your disorder if you have one.

The Lab Tests to Screen, Diagnose, and Monitor Metabolic Disorders

At Ulta Lab Tests, we have extensive testing for metabolic disorders. We test for all of the following biomarkers:

By getting all of these tests done, you'll be able to know more about your body. In turn, you can make better decisions about your health and understand your metabolic pathway better.

Get Your Metabolic Tests With Ulta Lab Tests

If you believe that you could have a metabolic disorder, you should order metabolic lab tests. The results will give you valuable information about your body that you need to make better decisions about your health.

Luckily, Ulta Lab Tests offer highly accurate and reliable metabolic blood tests. Here are a few of the benefits that you'll experience with Ulta Lab Tests:

  • You'll get secure and confidential results
  • You don't need health insurance
  • You don't need a physician's referral
  • You'll get affordable pricing
  • We offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee

Order your metabolic tests today, and we'll provide your results securely and confidentially online in 24 to 48 hours for most tests.

Take control of your health with Ulta Lab Tests today!