Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

The pid test measures the white blood cell counts or other markers of infection or inflammation that cause pelvic inflammatory disease. Ulta Lab Tests provides reliable blood work and secure testing, so order your pelvic inflammatory disease lab tests today!


Name Matches
Most Popular

Chlamydia trachomatis RNA, TMA

Patient Preparation 

Urine specimens: The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

Urine: Patient should not have urinated within one hour prior to collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen. Direct patient to provide a first-catch urine (a maximum of 20-30 mL of the initial urine stream) into a urine collection cup free of any preservatives. 2 mL of urine specimen must be transferred into the APTIMA® specimen transport within 24 hours of collection and before being assayed. Use tube provided in the urine specimen collection kit for urine specimens. The fluid (urine plus transport media) level in the urine tube must fall within the clear pane on the tube labe

Clinical Significance

C. trachomatis infections are the leading cause of sexually transmitted diseases in the united states. C. trachomatis is known to cause cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), epididymitis and proctitis. It is also the most frequent cause of non-gonococcal urethritis in men. Among women, the consequences of chlamydial infections are severe if left untreated. Approximately half of chlamydial infections are asymptomatic.


Most Popular

Chlamydia/Neisseria gonorrhoeae RNA, TMA

Patient Preparation 

Urine specimen: The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

Urine: Patient should not have urinated within one hour prior to collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen. Direct patient to provide a first-catch urine (a maximum of 20-30 mL of the initial urine stream) into a urine collection cup free of any preservatives. 2 mL of urine specimen must be transferred into the APTIMA® specimen transport within 24 hours of collection and before being assayed. Use tube provided in the urine specimen collection kit for urine specimens. The fluid (urine plus transport media) level in the urine tube must fall within the clear pane on the tube label.

 

Clinical Significance

C. trachomatis infections are the leading cause of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. C. trachomatis is known to cause cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), epididymitis and proctitis. It is also the most frequent cause of non-gonococcal urethritis in men. Among women, the consequences of Chlamydialinfections are severe if left untreated. Approximately half of Chlamydial infections are asymptomatic.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococci) is the causative agent of gonorrhea. In men, this disease generally results in anterior urethritis accompanied by purulent exudate. In women, the disease is most often found in the cervix, but the vagina and uterus may also be infected.


Useful in differentiating inflammatory and neoplastic diseases and as an index of disease severity. CRP is also useful in monitoring inflammatory disease states.


What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. The fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries can all be affected by PID. If left untreated,  the infection may spread beyond the reproductive organs into the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity.

About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

PID is particularly common in younger women. Some women may have PID for years without developing any noticeable symptoms. Other women may experience significant symptoms almost as soon as they are infected.

Left untreated, PID may affect fertility, as well as cause considerable pain and discomfort. Ectopic pregnancy is also more common in PID sufferers. As younger women are more prone to PID, it's important that they test for this common condition regularly to minimize the risk of unwanted reproductive complications later in life.

Risk Factors for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Common risk factors for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease include:

  • Being a younger, sexually active woman. Women under the age of 25 are at particular risk of developing PID
  • Becoming sexually active at a young age.
  • Having several sexual partners.
  • Having unprotected sex (sex without a condom).
  • Having unprotected sex with a partner who has had multiple sexual partners.
  • Using vaginal douching as a hygiene measure.
  • Having a history of PID.

It's important to note that although multiple sexual partners increase the risk of introducing bacteria into the reproductive area that can lead to PID, women don't have to be sexually promiscuous to contract PID.

In some instances, PID is caused by infection following some form of trauma to the vaginal tract. IUD insertion, childbirth, an abortion, a medical procedure involving the vagina, or a miscarriage.

Discreet, early testing can pick up PID, enabling it to be swiftly treated and resolved in most cases.

Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

PID is caused by bacteria entering the vaginal canal. In most cases, the bacteria go no further than the cervix. If the infection remains untreated, the bacteria may pass up into the uterus, where they may begin to multiply, creating inflammation. Over time, the infection may spread further into the Fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) that are due to bacteria (rather than viruses) are a common cause of PID. These include chlamydia, mycoplasma genitalium, and gonorrhea.

In addition, bacteria that naturally occur in the vaginal canal (such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Streptococcus agalactiae, or Haemophilus influenza) may also cause PID if they penetrate through the cervix into the uterus.

Signs and Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The signs and symptoms of PID may be pretty subtle, which means they can be easily missed. Some women remain asymptomatic until the infection is quite advanced, meaning considerable damage may already have been done. 

If you are concerned about your PID risk or want peace of mind that you're not suffering from PID and aren't aware of it, a pelvic inflammatory disease lab test is the most accurate way of finding out if you're infected.

The main signs and symptoms of PID include:

  • An abnormal vaginal discharge, which may be discolored and/or have an unpleasant odor.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, and/or after sex.
  • Pain in the lower abdominal area. The duration and severity of the pain may fluctuate over time.
  • Difficulties and/or pain during urination (taking a pee).
  • Pain during or after sex.
  • A fever (which may cause chills, sweating, and a general feeling of unwellness).

If you have any of these symptoms, it's important to get properly tested to find out the cause. Although a PID test can be used to identify whether PID-causing bacteria are present in abnormal numbers, it can't pick up other causes of pain, bleeding, or discharge. In rare cases, these symptoms can be a sign of cancer, so early diagnosis is really important.

Occasionally, a PID infection can become particularly severe. If you experience the following symptoms, it's important to visit your care provider as soon as possible or attend at ER.

  • Severe vomiting (especially if you can't keep down water).
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • A high fever (more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • A foul-smelling vaginal discharge.

Remember that, in most cases, a course of suitable antibiotics is all that's needed to treat PID successfully.

If left untreated, in the long-term PID may cause:

  • Chronic pain
  • Infertility
  • An increased risk of ectopic pregnancy
  • Abscesses in the ovaries and/or Fallopian tubes.

Prompt PID testing is safe, discreet, and fast, giving you the answers you need to make informed decisions about your health.

Lab Tests for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

A definitive diagnosis of PID usually involves both a swab test (a swab is inserted into the vagina to collect a sample) and a blood test to investigate whether an unusually high number of white blood cells (WBC) are present. A high WBC count frequently indicates an infection.

Typically, PID Lab Tests include:

  • Swab test for Chlamydia
  • Swab test for Gonorrhoea
  • Complete Blood Count (blood test)
  • urinalysis (to rule out a UTI as the cause of the symptoms)
  • CRP (C-reactive Protein). A positive CRP may be a sign of an infection.
  • pregnancy test 
  • A cervical culture - this test investigates levels of bacteria on the cervix and can be used to try and identify the cause of PID.

FAQs About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Is PID linked to promiscuity?

A proportion of PID infections are caused by STDs, but this isn't always the case. Many other cases occur due to pregnancy, childbirth, or trauma. For a fair percentage of cases, the cause of the infection isn't clear. PID lab tests offer the best way to quickly diagnose PID, enabling it to be effectively treated quickly.

Can Damage Caused by PID be Reversed?

While effective treatment can halt PID damage, it's unfortunately rare that the damage can be reversed. This is why prompt PID diagnosis, using pelvic inflammatory disease lab testing alongside other diagnostic methods, is so important. 

FAQs About Lab Testing for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

How long will I have to wait for my results?

In most cases, your results will be ready in one to two business days.

Do I have to tell anyone about my results?

Your results are completely confidential. However, we would urge you to share your results with your physician in order to get the care and treatment that you need.

Ulta Lab Tests provides a cost-effective, accurate, fast, secure, and confidential PID testing service. By getting tested, you can take control of your health and make informed decisions while monitoring the changes in your health.

Order your low-cost pelvic inflammatory disease lab tests today.

Testing for PID

If you're showing signs of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), you need to be proactive. If left untreated, the infection can spread and get worse.

Ulta Lab Tests offers tests that are highly accurate and reliable, so you can make informed decisions about your health. Here are a few great things to love about Ulta Lab Tests:

  • You'll get secure and confidential results.
  • You don't need health insurance.
  • You don't need a physician's referral.
  • You'll get affordable pricing.
  • We offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee.

Order your PID lab tests today, and your results will be provided to you securely and confidentially online in 24 to 48 hours for most tests.

Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection that affects women and can be caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that are left untreated. 1 in 8 women who have a history of experiencing PID have difficulties with getting pregnant. If you know how to properly protect yourself, then you can prevent PID.

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

PID is a type of infection of the reproductive organs of a woman. It is a type of complication often caused by certain STDs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Other non-sexually transmitted infections can also cause PID.

How can I get PID?

It is more likely for you to get Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in cases where you: 

  • Have an STD that is not treated
  • Are sexually active and 25 years old or younger
  • Have had PID in the past
  • Have a sex partner who has other sex partners besides you
  • Have multiple sex partners
  • Douche
  • Use an IUD (intrauterine device) for birth control (This is a small increased risk and is mainly limited to the initial three weeks after a doctor places the IUD inside the uterus.)

How can I lower my risk of getting PID?

The only way that you can avoid getting STD is not having oral, anal, or vaginal sex.

If you are sexually active, the following things can be done to reduce your risk of getting PID:

  • Be in a mutually monogamous long-term relationship with a partner who has been tested for STDs and has negative test results
  • Use latex condoms properly each time you engage in sexual activity

How can I tell if I have Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or not? 

There are no PID tests. Usually, a diagnosis is based on the combination of other test results, a physical exam, and your medical history. You might not be aware that you have Pelvic Inflammatory Disease since symptoms can be mild, or you might not be experiencing any symptoms at all. 

However, if you are experiencing symptoms, you might notice: 

  • Pain within your lower abdomen
  • Bleeding and/or pain when having sex
  • An unusual discharge that has a bad odor coming from your vagina
  • Fever
  • Bleeding in between periods
  • A burning sensation when you urinate

Take the following action: 

  • If you have any of the above symptoms, you should have your doctor examine you
  • See a doctor right away if you believe that either you or your sexual partner(s) or were exposed to or have an STD
  • See a doctor right away if you have genital symptoms like bleeding between periods, burning when urinating, a smelly discharge, or an unusual sore
  • If you are sexually active and 25 years or younger you should be tested every year for chlamydia
  • If you are sexually active, have an open and honest discussion with your healthcare provider and ask whether or not you should be tested for STDs

Is there a cure for PID?

Yes, when PID is diagnosed early enough, it is possible to treat it. However, being treated does not undo any of the damage that has occurred within your reproductive system already. Therefore, the longer that you wait before receiving treatment, the more likely you will experience PID complications. Your symptoms might go away before your infection is cured while you are taking antibiotics. However, even if your symptoms disappear, you should still take all of your medicine. Make sure to inform your recent sex partner(s) so they also can be tested and treated for STDs. Also, it is critical that you and your partner finish your treatment prior to having any type of sex so you don’t re-infect one another. 

If you are infected with an STD again, you can also get PID again. If you had PID in the past, you have a greater chance of getting it once again.

What will happen if I am not treated?

PID complications can be prevented if you are diagnosed and then treated early.

Some PID complications include: 

  • Long-term abdominal/pelvic pain
  • Infertility (unable to get pregnant)
  • Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside of the womb)
  • Scar tissue formation both inside and outside the fallopian tubes that may result in tubal blockage

Where can I get information on PID?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Division of STD Prevention (DSTDP)

www.cdc.gov/std

CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN)

E-mail: npin-info@cdc.gov

https://npin.cdc.gov/disease/stds

P.O. Box 6003

Rockville, MD 20849-6003

CDC-INFO Contact Center

(1-800-232-4636)

1-800-CDC-INFO

https://wwwn.cdc.gov/dcs/ContactUs/Form

American Sexual Health Association (ASHA)

https://www.ashasexualhealth.org/

919-361-8488

P. O. Box 13827

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3827

Content source: Division of STD PreventionNational Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB PreventionCenters for Disease Control and Prevention

Tests:

STD Basic Panel

STD Comprehensive Panel