The Urinalysis (UA), Complete test contains 1 test with 27 biomarkers.
Description: A Urinalysis complete test is a urine test that is used to screen for, diagnose, and monitor a variety of conditions and diseases urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.
Also Known As: Urine Test, Urine Analysis Test, UA Test, urine microscopic examination Test, Urinalysis Test, Complete Urinalysis Test
Collection Method: Urine Collection
Specimen Type: Urine
Test Preparation: No preparation required
When is a Urinalysis Complete test ordered?
A urinalysis test may be ordered when a person undergoes a routine wellness examination, is admitted into a hospital, will have surgery, or is having a prenatal checkup.
When a person visits a doctor with symptoms of a urinary tract infection or another urinary system ailment, such as kidney disease, a urinalysis will almost certainly be prescribed. The following are some possible signs and symptoms:
- Pain in the abdomen
- Urination that is painful or occurs frequently
- Urine with blood in it
Testing may also be conducted at regular intervals to track the progress of a condition.
What does a Urinalysis Complete test check for?
A urinalysis is a series of examinations done on urine that are physical, chemical, and microscopic. The tests identify and/or measure a number of elements in the urine, including cells, cellular fragments, and microbes. These elements include byproducts of healthy and unhealthy metabolism.
Urine is produced by the kidneys, two fist-sized organs located on either side of the spine near the base of the rib cage. The kidneys help the body regulate its water balance, filter wastes from the blood, and store proteins, electrolytes, and other molecules for later use. To get rid of everything unnecessary, urine travels from the kidneys to the ureters, bladder, and urethra before exiting the body. The color, amount, concentration, and content of urine will change slightly every time a person urinates due to the varied elements in urine, despite the fact that pee is normally yellow and clear.
By screening for components in the urine that aren't typically present and/or monitoring aberrant levels of specific substances, many illnesses can be caught early on. Glucose, bilirubin, protein, red and white blood cells, crystals, and germs are among examples. They could be present because of the following reasons:
- The body responds to an elevated amount of the substance in the blood by attempting to remove the excess through urine.
- There is a problem with the kidneys.
- As with bacteria and white blood cells, there is a urinary tract infection present.
Three separate phases make up a full urinalysis:
- The color and clarity of the urine are assessed using a visual examination.
- Chemical examination, which determines the concentration of urine and tests for roughly 9 chemicals that provide useful information about health and disease.
- Microscopic inspection that identifies and counts the different types of cells, casts, crystals, and other components found in urine, such as bacteria and mucus.
When abnormal results are found, or if a healthcare provider requests it, a microscopic analysis is usually performed.
It may be essential to repeat the test if the findings of a urinalysis are abnormal, and further other urine and blood tests may be needed to help establish a diagnosis, if the results are abnormal.
Lab tests often ordered with a Urinalysis Complete test:
- Complete Blood Count
- Iron Total and Total Iron binding capacity
- Hemoglobin A1c
- Lipid Panel
- Urine Culture
- Bilirubin Fractionated
Conditions where a Urinalysis Complete test is recommended:
- Kidney Disease
- Liver Disease
- Kidney Stones
How does my health care provider use a Urinalysis Complete test?
A urinalysis is a series of tests that can diagnose a variety of disorders. It can be used to screen for and/or diagnose a variety of illnesses, including urinary tract infections, renal abnormalities, liver diseases, diabetes, and other metabolic disorders, to name a few.
Urinalysis may be used in conjunction with other tests, such as urine albumin, to monitor the progress of treatment in patients with diseases or conditions like diabetes or kidney disease.
What do my urinalysis complete test results mean?
There are numerous ways to interpret the results of a urinalysis. Unusual results are a warning sign that something isn't right and needs further testing. To connect the urinalysis results with an individual's symptoms and clinical findings and to look for the causes of aberrant findings, other targeted tests must be done, such as a complete blood count, metabolic panel, or urine culture.
It is more likely that a problem must be addressed the higher the concentration of the atypical component, such as noticeably increased levels of protein, glucose, or red blood cells. On the other hand, the outcomes do not inform the medical professional as to what led to the finding or whether it is a transient or ongoing sickness.
A normal urinalysis does not rule out the possibility of disease. Early in a disease process, some persons will not release elevated amounts of a drug, and others will release them irregularly throughout the day, which means they could be overlooked by a single urine sample. Small amounts of substances may be undetectable in very dilute urine.
NOTE: Only measurable biomarkers will be reported.
We advise having your results reviewed by a licensed medical healthcare professional for proper interpretation of your results.