Vitamins and Minerals

Are you looking to use a vitamin test to identify deficiencies? Here's a helpful guide for information on how to improve your well-being.

Order a mineral and vitamin deficiency test to evaluate which vitamins you lack and get enough of through meals and direct sources. Don't just take supplements; know how much and which ones you should be taking. Order from Ulta Lab Tests today, with confidential results available in 24 to 48 hours online.     

SEE BELOW THE LIST OF TESTS FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT – Vitamins and Mineral Deficiency Lab Tests


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Collection Instructions

Allow sample to clot for 30 minutes, spin at 3,000 RPM for 10 minutes and transfer serum to plastic, amber vial. If amber vial is not available, wrap tube in aluminum foil to protect from light. Freeze within 30 minutes and send frozen.


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Serum calcium is involved in the regulation of neuromuscular and enzyme activity, bone metabolism and blood coagulation. Calcium blood levels are controlled by a complex interaction of parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, calcitonin and adrenal cortical steroids. Calcium measurements are useful in the diagnosis of parathyroid disease, some bone disorders and chronic renal disease. A low level of calcium may result in tetany.

Measurement of serum 25-OH vitamin D concentrations provide a good index of circulating vitamin D activity in patients not suffering from renal disease. Lower than normal 25-OH vitamin D levels can result from a dietary deficiency, poor abosrption of the vitamin or impaired metabolism of the sterol in the liver. A 25-OH vitamin D deficiency can lead to bone diseases such as rickets and osteomalacia. Above normal levels can lead hypercalcemia. This assay employs liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to independently measure and report the two common forms of 25-hydroxy vitamin D: 25OH D3 - the endogenous form of the vitamin and 25OH D2 - the analog form used to treat 25OH Vitamin D3 deficiency.

Beta Carotene, a fat soluble nutrient, is a precursor to vitamin A. Deficiencies may lead to vitamin A deficiency. Excessive vitamin A intake may lead to headaches, loss of appetite, nausea and diarrhea, skin changes, and potential birth defects.

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Folic acid deficiency is common in pregnant women, alcoholics, in patients whose diets do not include raw fruits and vegetables, and in people with structural damage to the small intestine. The most reliable and direct method of diagnosing folate deficiency is the determination of folate levels in both erythrocytes and serum. Low folic acid levels, however, can also be the result of a primary vitamin B12 deficiency that decreases the ability of cells to take up folic acid

Intrinsic Factor, produced by cells lining the stomach, binds vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) to facilitate absorption of the vitamin. Blocking antibody impedes the action of Intrinsic Factor as observed in approximately half of the patients who develop pernicious anemia.

Samples should not be collected from a patient who has received Vitamin B12 injection therapy within the last week.


The methylmalonic acid (MMA) test may be used to help diagnose an early or mild vitamin B12 deficiency. It may be ordered by itself or along with a homocysteine test as a follow-up to a vitamin B12 test result that is in the lower end of the normal range.


Methylmalonic acid is metabolized as methylmalonyl CoA from the catabolism of certain amino acids and fatty acids. Methylmalonyl CoA is then converted to Succinic acid by the following reaction: Methylmalonic Acid Methylmalonyl CoA Mutase + B12 Succinic Acid The enzyme Methylmalonyl CoA mutase requires Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) as a cofacter. MMA is used to evaluate cobalamin deficiency. Elevated serum MMA reflects decreased tissue cobalamin levels and is an early indicator of vitamin B12 deficiency. Cobalamin dependent neurological disease with normal hematologic parameters and serum B12 levels is frequently associated with significant elevations of serum methylmalonic acid. Methylmalonic Acidemia is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism, in which there is a deficiency of the enzyme methylmalonyl CoA mutase, resulting in a large accumulation of MMA in serum and urine. There is also a combined defect in the cobalamin pathway with elevation of both MMA and homocysteine.



Aids in diagnosis of decreased activity of Protein C characterized by recurrent venous thrombosis. Acquired deficiencies associated with Protein C include: oral anticoagulant therapy, liver disease, vitamin K deficiency, malignancy, consumptive DIC, surgery, trauma, antibodies to Protein C and hepatic immaturity of the newborn.

Measurement of serum 25-OH vitamin D concentrations provide a good index of circulating vitamin D activity in patients not suffering from renal disease. Lower than normal 25-OH vitamin D levels can result from a dietary deficiency, poor absorption of the vitamin or impaired metabolism of the sterol in the liver. A 25-OH vitamin D deficiency can lead to bone diseases such as rickets and osteomalacia. Above normal levels can lead hypercalcemia. This assay employs liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to independently measure and report the two common forms of 25-hydroxy vitamin D: 25OH D3 - the endogenous form of the vitamin and 25OH D2 - the analog form used to treat 25OH Vitamin D3 deficiency. While this assay will produce accurate Vitamin D results on patients of any age, it is specifically indicated for infants less than 3 years of age.


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Vitamin A is critical for vision, growth, and many cell functions. High concentrations of vitamin A are seen with renal failure, but this is not associated with toxicity, and excessive ingestion. High concentrations are associated with bone fractures. Low concentrations of vitamin A are consistent with fat malabsorption and rarely due to inadequate diet. Vitamin A, vitamin E, and carotene are always extracted and detected simultaneously. This is a free vitamin A (retinol

Thiamine, or vitamin B1, is involved in a number of functions in the body, including nervous system (axonal conduction) and muscular functioning (electrolyte flow in these cells), carbohydrate metabolism, enzymatic processes, and production of hydrochloric acid needed for digestion.

Vitamin B1 deficiency is most often associated with alcoholism, chronic illness and following gastric by-pass surgery. Prolonged deficiency causes beriberi. Plasma vitamin B1 is useful in evaluating nutritional assessment and compliance, while whole blood vitamin B1 is useful in evaluating body stores.

Vitamin B12 is decreased in pernicious anemia, total or partial gastrectomy, malabsorption and certain congenital and biochemical disorders


Folic acid deficiency is common in pregnant women, alcoholics, patients with diets that do not include raw fruits and vegetables, and people with structural damage to the small intestine. The most reliable and direct method of diagnosing folate deficiency is the determination of folate levels in both erythrocytes and serum. Low folic acid levels, however, can also be the result of a primary Vitamin B12 deficiency that decreases the ability of cells to take up folic acid. Vitamin B12 is decreased in pernicious anemia, total

Vitamin B12 Binding Capacity, Unsaturated (Transcobalamin)

Clinical Significance

Vitamin B12 Binding Capacity, Unsaturated (Transcobalamin), binds and transports vitamin B12 in the circulation. Increased concentrations are associated with patients with myeloproliferative disorders. Decreased concentrations are seen in individuals with megaloblastic anemia or Transcobalamin deficiency.

Alternative Name(s) 

Transcobalamin, B12 Binding Capacity


Vitamin B2 is involved in metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and protein. The clinical manifestations of deficiency are non-specific. Clinical manifestations include mucocutaneous lesions of the mouth and skin, corneal vascularization, anemia, and personality changes.

Nicotinic Acid occurs naturally in plants and animals and is also added to many foods as a vitamin supplement.

Vitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, is one of 8 B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is used to produce energy. These B vitamins, often referred to as B complex vitamins, also help the body use fats and protein. B complex vitamins are needed for healthy skin, hair, eyes, and liver. They also help the nervous system function properly.Source: Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)


Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many metabolic pathways including heme synthesis. Vitamin B6 deficiency may be observed in patients with metabolic disorders, secondary to therapeutic drug use, or alcoholism. Deficiency affects the function of the immune system.

Vitamin C is an antioxidant involved in connective tissue metabolism, drug-metabolizing systems, and mixed-function oxidase systems to list a few. Vitamin C deficiency causes scurvy; manifestations include impaired formation of mature connective tissue, bleeding into the skin, weakness, fatigue, and depression.

This test is used to measure the bio-active form of Vitamin D. This test is also used in the differential diagnosis of hypocalcemia and to monitor patients with renal osteodystrophy or chronic renal failure.

Measurement of serum 25-OH vitamin D concentrations provide a good index of circulating vitamin D activity in patients not suffering from renal disease. Lower than normal 25-OH vitamin D levels can result from a dietary deficiency, poor absorption of the vitamin or impaired metabolism of the sterol in the liver. A 25-OH vitamin D deficiency can lead to bone diseases such as rickets and osteomalacia. Above normal levels can lead hypercalcemia.



“Take your vitamins” may seem like advice for growing kids, but it’s important for adult health management too. Here are some findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey’s latest data:

  • Over 30 million (10%) of Americans have a vitamin deficiency
  • 32% of adults are vitamin B6 deficient
  • 95% are vitamin D deficient
  • 61% have a magnesium deficiency

A vitamin and mineral test is essential to maintaining your total body health.

You don’t need a prescription and a costly doctor’s visit. Our services are fast, easy, and secure and will get you the results you need.

A vitamin test is simple, but it can be challenging to know which test you should choose and why. Read on for our vitamin test guide so you can make informed choices on the right test for you.

What Are Vitamin & Mineral Tests?

A balanced intake of vitamins and minerals generally comes from a healthy diet or supplements if there are dietary restrictions. These vitamins and minerals include the following:

  • Vitamins: A, C, D, E, and K
  • B vitamins: B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B12
  • Minerals: calcium, magnesium, iron, folate, and zinc

Vitamin and mineral tests use a sample of your blood to test for the levels of vitamins and minerals circulating in your body. A phlebotomist at an authorized patient service center will draw your blood and forward the specimen to a national laboratory for testing.

Once the specimen arrives at the lab, testing will begin, and results will post to your online patient portal within a couple of days as the lab completes testing.

Benefits of Vitamin & Mineral Lab Testing

Vitamins and minerals play a role in our bodies' functions, from bone density to brain functions. They’re also related to chronic diseases and health conditions, such as:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Heart disease
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Anemia
  • Depression
  • Bone loss

Most people don’t actively monitor their vitamin and mineral intake. A vitamin and mineral test determines if you have a deficiency or are at risk for developing one.

A vitamin deficiency can be an early warning sign you’re developing serious health issues. If caught early, many conditions like diabetes and anemia can be avoided. A fast response is always the best response.

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the U.S. and the world. A healthy intake of essential vitamins and minerals can mitigate risk factors for heart disease.

Vitamin & Mineral Tests for Your Health

At Ulta Lab Tests, we offer four main vitamin and minerals blood tests:

The Vitamins & Minerals - Basic panel includes 4 tests and 6 biomarkers. This test looks for anemia. The serum folate markers ensure your recent diet is providing accurate results.

The Vitamins & Minerals - Basic Plus panel has 8 tests and 13 biomarkers. Along with anemia, it has a vitamin D test that can help determine if health issues like depression are related to a vitamin deficiency.

The Vitamins & Minerals - Advanced panel has 22 tests with 115 biomarkers. It tests for multiple deficiencies along with a urinalysis test for the levels of your white and red blood counts.

The Vitamins & Minerals - Comprehensive panel has 24 tests and 34 biomarkers. It offers a full range of testing for over twenty essential vitamins and minerals.

Depending on your symptoms, you may need only a basic panel or a urinalysis with a vitamin blood test. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Vitamin Tests

Getting a vitamin and mineral test is easy to do and comes with many benefits. You take active control of your health and ensure you get the necessary nutritional intake needed to prevent certain health issues from developing.

But you may still be unsure why a vitamin test is necessary if you eat plenty of food and don’t have dietary restrictions. Or you may not know what to do if it reveals a deficiency.

How Will a Vitamin Test Help You?

American diets are notoriously high in fat, sugar, and salt and low in nutritional value.

In our fast-paced workaholic culture, processed food and fast food is the norm. Millions of Americans even live in food deserts where healthy food is not accessible.

You may have mental and physical health symptoms without connecting them to a deficiency. Your symptoms can also mimic health issues you already know about.

FOR EXAMPLE, Vitamin D deficiency correlates with depression, and many of their symptoms (fatigue, body aches) are the same. Only a vitamin D blood test can reveal the underlying cause of your symptoms.

Other symptoms of vitamin deficiencies include:

  • Mood shifts
  • Personality changes
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea and upset digestion

Even if you have access to plenty of food, it may not be the best quality for vitamin intake. It’s easy to develop a vitamin deficiency even in countries that have low rates of food insecurity.

Vitamin D deficiencies are especially prevalent. Almost every adult would benefit from a vitamin D test alone.

What Should You Do if Your Test Reveals a Deficiency?

Fortunately, low vitamin and mineral levels are usually easy to correct.

You might need to make minor adjustments to your diet or take vitamin and mineral supplements in most cases. Some doctors may even prescribe your supplements. You can get tested again a few months later to make sure the adjustments are working.

If your deficiency is a sign of serious health issues, a vitamin and mineral test will show what further specific tests are needed. A lack of vitamin absorption, even if you have a healthy intake, indicates a potential problem.

Both Chron's and celiac disease, for example, interfere with the absorption of B12. It’s important to understand your test results and what they could mean to your health.

Benefits of Vitamin and Mineral Testing with Ulta Lab Tests

Ulta Lab Tests offers highly accurate and reliable tests so that you can make informed decisions about your health. There are many great things to love about Ulta Lab Tests:

  • Secure and confidential results
  • No health insurance required
  • No physician's referral required
  • Affordable pricing
  • Your 100% satisfaction guaranteed

Order your vitamin and mineral test today. Your results will be provided to you securely and confidentially online in 24 to 48 hours for most tests and 5-7 business days for complex lab tests.

Take control with Ulta Lab Tests today!