Did you know that more than 600 neurological disorders affect millions of people across the world? If such a condition is left untreated, it can result in serious consequences over time. In fact, neurological disorders are becoming more common as time passes with all the stress and anxiety that affect people. Hence, it is more important than ever to keep an eye on the signs and symptoms of neurological disorders to know if you suffer from such a condition. This article provides information on some of the most common neurological disorders affecting people today and how they are screened and diagnosed.
What Are Neurological Disorders?
Neurological disorders affect the central and peripheral nervous systems, including
- The brain
- The spinal cord
- Nerve roots
- The autonomic nervous system
- Cranial & peripheral nerves
- The neuromuscular junction
Here are some of the common neurological disorders that affect men and women across the globe:
- Alzheimer's disease and other dementias
- Epilepsy and seizures
- Bell's palsy and cerebral palsy
- Guillain-Barre syndrome
- Neuralgia and neuropathy
- Muscular dystrophy
- Primary progressive aphasia
- Parkinson's disease
- Vertigo and stroke
- Spinal deformities and disorders such as scoliosis and spinal tumors
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Migraines and other headache disorders
- Mild cognitive impairment
Risk Factors of Neurological Disorders
Emotional or physical trauma and severe stress are considered the most common risk factors of neurological disorders. Additionally, age becomes a risk factor for some of these neurological conditions. Gender is a factor as women are more likely to develop neurological conditions compared to men. If a person's family has a history of neurological disorders, the individual is more likely to develop the disease over time. On the other hand, suffering from a current mental health condition can increase your risk of neurological disorders.
Common Causes of Neurological Disorders
- The cause may vary depending on the type of neurological disorder. Some of the most common causes include:
- Genetic or congenital disorders
- Health and lifestyle issues, including malnutrition
- Injuries to the brain, nerves, or spinal cord
Symptoms Of Neurological Disorders
The symptoms of neurological disorders tend to overlap most of the time. Here are some of the most common symptoms of neurological disorders:
- Muscle weakness
- Loss of sensations
- Poor coordination
- Altered states of consciousness
How to Diagnose Neurological Disorders?
The diagnosis of a neurological disorder is a complex and challenging process. Most disorders share similar signs and symptoms, and the doctor may identify different combinations of symptoms to create another diagnosis. The healthcare provider will look at the patient's complete medical history and perform a physical examination to start the diagnosis process. They may conduct a neurological exam afterward.
A neurological exam will test the motor and sensory skills of the patient. It includes coordination, hearing, speech, vision, and balance. The doctor will also examine the mental state, behavior, and mood of the patient.
Lab Tests to Screen, Diagnose, and Monitor Neurological Disorders
Once the initial diagnosis is performed to identify the neurological condition, the doctor will conduct further diagnostic tests and procedures to confirm the diagnosis. Some of the most common neurological disorders that can be identified by conducting lab tests include:
- Hereditary disorders
- Viral infections
- Acute & chronic inflammation
- Multiple sclerosis
- Certain neurodegenerative disorders
Laboratory Screening Tests
The patient's bodily fluids will be tested in a lab test. The most common lab tests for neurological disorders use the blood and urine of the patient. Urine tests help identify signs of infections, diseases, toxins, and abnormal metabolic substances. Blood tests help detect:
- Infections and toxins
- Abnormal levels of blood cells and hormones
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Genes associated with inherited conditions
- Autoimmune diseases
- Muscle, metabolic, and clotting disorders
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
The comprehensive metabolic panel test helps detect kidney and liver problems. They also help check issues with nutrient levels and other metabolic problems.
- Metabolic panel tests help doctors detect:
- Kidney and liver issues through albumin, ALT, BUN, creatinine levels, and alkaline phosphatase
- Heart and liver problems through AST levels
- Kidney problems including cancers, overactive thyroid or parathyroid glands, vitamin D deficiency through calcium levels, and pancreatic problems
- Problems in the liver, kidney, or the bile ducts through bilirubin levels
- Levels of acidity in the body, multiple myeloma, dehydration, adrenal gland dysfunction, and kidney disorders through chloride levels
- Problems affecting the kidney and parathyroid gland through phosphorus levels
- Dehydration, adrenal gland disorders, kidney problems, and liver problems through sodium levels
- Stroke and increased risk of high blood pressure through potassium levels
- Neuropathy through blood sugar levels
Lipid Panel & Complete Blood Count Tests
The lipid panel test helps measure the amount of fat in your blood. It checks the patient's total cholesterol and triglyceride levels for signs and symptoms of heart and other health conditions. A complete blood count test will help your doctor evaluate your overall health and detect certain infections, diseases, and blood abnormalities. Such tests will help your doctor identify:
- Infections, anemia, autoimmune disorders, and other health conditions through a WBC differential count
- Signs of infection, leukemia, and other conditions through a WBC leukocyte count
- Signs of anemia through Hct and Hgb levels
- Disorders affecting the red blood cells through an RBC erythrocyte count
- Anemia and chronic fatigue through an MCV
- Signs of nutritional deficiency through MCH and MCHC levels in the blood
- Risk of heart attacks, strokes, and bleeding disorders through a platelet count and MPV
- Liver conditions, anemia, and nutritional deficiencies through an RCDW
Genetic Tests & Brain Scans
If the patient's family has a history of neurological disorders, the healthcare provider uses genetic tests and brain scans. These tests help identify if the patient has a gene that could cause a neurological disorder. On the other hand, brain scans and imaging techniques are used to screen for injuries and other issues in the patient's brain. Some of these conditions include tumors, stroke, malformed blood vessels, bleeding, and abnormal development. Examples of brain scans include PET, MRI, and CT scans.
Other Types of Tests for Neurological Disorder Diagnosis Include:
- EEG to monitor the electrical activity of the brain of the patient
- Angiogram - Using an x-ray to detect blockages or narrowing in the veins and arteries
- Electrodiagnostic tests to screen for disorders in the muscles and motor neurons
- Ultrasound scans to create images of tissues, blood vessels, and the internal organs
- Neurosonography to analyze the blood flow and help diagnose stroke
FAQs About Neurological Disorders and Lab Testing
- How long does it take to get the results of neurological disorder tests?
- What is the likelihood of success of the treatment?
- What are the treatment options available today?
- How frequent are the treatments, and how long will they last?
- Are there any side effects of these treatments?
- Do I need to spend time in a hospital?
- Will the treatment limit my lifestyle?
The answers to these questions will depend on the type of disorder the patient has.
For example, some neurological disorders have mild symptoms and require little or no time in a hospital, while some other conditions will have severe symptoms and impact the patient's lifestyle. These disorders may need the patient to spend time in a hospital.
Neurological Disorders Lab Testing with Ulta Lab Tests
Here is what you can expect when you order your tests from Ulta Lab Tests:
- Highly accurate and reliable tests
- Secure and confidential results
- No doctor's referral needed
- No health insurance required
- Affordable pricing
- 100% satisfaction guarantee
Order your neurological disorder lab tests from Ulta Lab Tests and take control of your health today.