Chlamydia

Chlamydia Testing and health information

Our Chlamydia test is the first step towards maintaining sexual wellness essential for you and your partner's health and fixing it.


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Description: The chlamydia and gonorrhea test is used to determine if a person has been infected with either of the sexually transmitted infections. It can be used to diagnose a person with chlamydia or gonorrhea for treatment.

Also Known As: Chlamydia Trachomatis Test, Chlamydia STD Test, GC Test, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae test, Gonorrhoeae test, gonorrhea and chlamydia test

Collection Method: Urine Collection

Specimen Type: Urine

Test Preparation: Urine specimens: The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

When is a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test ordered?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, all sexually active women younger than 25 and sexually active women 25 and older who are at elevated risk should have a yearly chlamydia and gonorrhea screening. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the US Preventive Services Task Force both urge routine screening for these women.

The CDC recommends that males who have intercourse with other men get tested for gonorrhea and chlamydia at least once a year. For sexually active, heterosexual men with no symptoms, health organizations do not advocate routine screening. When there is a large number of cases of STDs in the community, for example, healthcare providers may prescribe screening to their patients.

When a person’s sexual partner has been diagnosed with gonorrhea or chlamydia or when a person has signs and symptoms of the infection, chlamydia testing may be performed.

Women and men who have been treated for chlamydia should be tested again three months afterwards.

What does a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea urine test check for?

Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections in the United States, and if left untreated, it can lead to serious consequences. Chlamydia testing determines whether the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis is to blame for an infection. In order to avoid long-term consequences and the spread of the infection to others, it’s critical to screen for, diagnose, and treat chlamydia.

Chlamydia infections are most common among people aged 15 to 24. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2.86 million Americans contract chlamydia each year, and women are commonly re-infected if their partners do not seek treatment. Because many people don’t have any symptoms and don’t get tested and identified, the true number of cases may be larger. Despite this, each year over one million new cases are reported.

Sexual contact with an infected partner is the most common way for chlamydia to spread. Multiple sex partners, coinfection or previous infection with another STD, and not wearing a condom appropriately and consistently are also risk factors.

Many people with chlamydia infections have no symptoms, while others may only have minor ones. Because the signs and symptoms of chlamydia are similar to those of another STD, gonorrhea, and can be misinterpreted, testing for both diseases are frequently performed at the same time.

Antibiotics are commonly used to treat chlamydia. It can cause serious reproductive and other health problems if not recognized and addressed.

In women, untreated chlamydia infections that originate on the cervix but progress to the fallopian tubes and ovaries can cause pelvic inflammatory disease.

Men who are not treated may become infertile in rare cases.

If not diagnosed and treated, gonorrhea is a common bacterial sexually transmitted illness that can lead to serious consequences. Gonorrhea testing determines whether a person's infection is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The importance of gonorrhea screening, diagnosis, and treatment in reducing long-term consequences and the spread of the infection to others cannot be overstated.

More than 820,000 people in the United States contract new gonorrheal infections each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, but only about half of these infections are reported to the CDC. In the United States, sexually active teenagers, young adults, and African Americans have the highest reported rates of infection.

Sexual contact with an infected partner is the most common way for gonorrhea to spread. Multiple sex partners, coinfection or previous infection with another STD, and not wearing a condom appropriately and consistently are also risk factors.

While some males with gonorrhea will experience symptoms, the majority of women will not or will confuse gonorrhea symptoms with those of a bladder or other vaginal illness. Symptoms in men usually emerge 2 to 5 days after infection, but they can take up to 30 days. Symptoms usually appear within 10 days of infection for women. Because the signs and symptoms of gonorrhea are similar to those of another STD, chlamydia, and can be misinterpreted, testing for both diseases are sometimes performed at the same time.

Antibiotics are generally prescribed to treat gonorrhea. Gonorrhea can have catastrophic consequences if it is not recognized and treated.

Untreated gonorrhea infections in women can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can develop days to months after infection and cause consequences.

Untreated gonorrhea can spread to the blood or joints, leading to disseminated gonococcal infection, a dangerous illness. Fever, numerous skin lesions, severe joint swelling, inflammation of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord, and infection of the inner lining of the heart are all signs of DGI. In infants born to infected moms, DGI symptoms include arthritis, meningitis, and sepsis, a serious, life-threatening illness.

Antibiotics identical to those used to treat simple gonorrhea might be used to successfully treat DGI. Treatment-resistant gonorrhea, on the other hand, is becoming more common. To treat all uncomplicated gonococcal infections in adults and adolescents in the United States, CDC guidelines presently recommend dual therapy with ceftriaxone and azithromycin. If a patient's symptoms do not improve following therapy, a healthcare provider may need to do additional tests, including susceptibility testing.

Lab tests often ordered with a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test:

  • HIV Antibody
  • HIV Antigen
  • Syphilis
  • Herpes 1 and 2

Conditions where a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test is recommended:

  • Gonorrhea
  • HIV
  • Herpes 1 and 2
  • Syphilis
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Infertility
  • Vaginitis
  • Vaginosis

How does my health care provider use a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test?

Chlamydia and gonorrhea testing is used to detect, diagnose, and confirm that infections caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis have been successfully treated. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are two of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases in the United States, and if left untreated, it can lead to serious consequences. To avoid long-term consequences and the spread of the infections to others, it's critical to screen for, diagnose, and treat chlamydia.

Because the illnesses produced by these two bacteria might have similar signs and symptoms, testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae is frequently done at the same time. Both of these bacteria can be acquired at the same time, and a person can get infected with both. Because the two infections require distinct antibiotic treatments, a clear diagnosis is critical. Testing should be done again to determine that the treatment was effective. After a person has completed therapy, this is done roughly three months later.

What do my chlamydia and gonorrhea test results mean?

A positive result indicates that you have an active infection that requires antibiotic therapy.

A negative result simply means that no infection was present at the time of the test. It is critical for those who are at a higher risk of infection to have annual screening tests to check for infection, especially since re-infection is common, especially among teenagers.

If you're infected, your sexual partner(s) should get tested and treated as well.

We advise having your results reviewed by a licensed medical healthcare professional for proper interpretation of your results.


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Chlamydia trachomatis RNA, TMA

Patient Preparation 

Urine specimens: The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

Urine: Patient should not have urinated within one hour prior to collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen. Direct patient to provide a first-catch urine (a maximum of 20-30 mL of the initial urine stream) into a urine collection cup free of any preservatives. 2 mL of urine specimen must be transferred into the APTIMA® specimen transport within 24 hours of collection and before being assayed. Use tube provided in the urine specimen collection kit for urine specimens. The fluid (urine plus transport media) level in the urine tube must fall within the clear pane on the tube labe

Clinical Significance

C. trachomatis infections are the leading cause of sexually transmitted diseases in the united states. C. trachomatis is known to cause cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), epididymitis and proctitis. It is also the most frequent cause of non-gonococcal urethritis in men. Among women, the consequences of chlamydial infections are severe if left untreated. Approximately half of chlamydial infections are asymptomatic.


Includes
Chlamydophila pneumoniae (IgG, IgM and IgA), Chlamydia trachomatis (IgG, IgM and IgA), Chlamydophila psittaci (IgG, IgM and IgA)

Clinical Significance

Chlamydia/chlamydophila species includes C. pneumoniaeC. psittaci, and C. trachomatis. Each may cause pneumonia and other overlapping medical conditions.

 

 


Chlamydia trachomatis is associated with infections of the mucous membranes of the urogenital system, the upper respiratory tract, and the eye. In industrialized countries, C. trachomatis usually causes sexually transmitted disease. In developing countries, it is the major cause of preventable blindness (trachomatis). Sexually transmitted diseases caused by C. trachomatis include nongonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, epididymitis, proctitis and Lymphogranuloma venereum. Infections are often asymptomatic. Thus, infected individuals may unknowingly transmit chlamydial disease to others. Coinfection with C. trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae is common, with multiple chlamydial infections of the upper respiratory tract occurring primarily in newborns exposed at parturition through an infected birth canal. Approximately 10-20% of such infants develop pneumonia and 50% develop inclusion conjunctivitis. In adults, eye disease is often transmitted by the hands from genital secretions or from eye secretion of infected babies. Isolation in tissue culture remains the reference method for diagnosis of chlamydial infection, especially when testing individuals under the age of 13 years. The usefulness of serological tests depends on the site of infection, duration of disease, infecting serovars and pre-vious exposure to chlamydial antigens. Because C. trachomatis is ubiquitous, there is a high prevalence of antibodies in sexually active populations. Antibodies may persist even after treatment, making assessment of a single IgG titer difficult. Consequently, serological diag-nosis is seldom used to diagnose active, superficial genital tract infections.


If you're worried about a possible urinary tract infection, our STD Urinary Tract Infection Panel can give you the answers you need. This panel includes tests for chlamydia and gonorrhea, two of the most common STDs, as well as a urinalysis to check for other potential infections. With quick and accurate results, you can get the peace of mind you need to move on with your life.

The STD Urinary Tract Infection Panel contains the following tests:

  • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
  • Urinalysis, Complete


In 2018, more than four million people in the US were diagnosed with chlamydia, but many cases are not reported because many people never show symptoms. And this is the main reason why chlamydia testing is so important. 

Chlamydia tests can show what your lack of symptoms doesn't. If you think you may be at risk of having chlamydia, then it's time to take action. 

Maintaining your sexual health and wellness is imperative for both you and your partner's overall health. Chlamydia testing is your first step. 

Keep reading this guide to find out everything you need to know about chlamydia and chlamydia testing. 

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted disease in America and especially common in young adults.

Chlamydia often affects young women, but it also occurs in men and people of all age groups. Chlamydia can easily be treated with antibiotics but, left untreated, can lead to serious health complications in the future.

Risk factors for Chlamydia

Certain lifestyle habits and age groups put you at a higher risk of getting chlamydia. Chlamydia risk factors include:

  • Being sexually active before the age of 25
  • Having multiple sex partners
  • Having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex
  • Having a history of other sexually transmitted diseases.

What Causes Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is caused by the trachomatis bacterium and usually spread through oral, anal, and vaginal sex.

If you're pregnant, you can also spread chlamydia to your newborn during delivery. In infants, chlamydia can cause serious eye infections and pneumonia.

Signs and Symptoms of Chlamydia

Chlamydia is often known as a silent infection because many times, infected people are completely asymptomatic. Also, in the early stages, chlamydia often causes few to no symptoms. When chlamydia does cause symptoms, they're so mild, and it's all too easy to dismiss them as something else.

Symptoms of chlamydia include:

  • Painful urination
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Pain during sex for women
  • Bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Testicular pain

You can also get chlamydia in your rectum and may experience rectal pain, bleeding, or discharge. In addition, chlamydia can cause eye infections if your eyes come into contact with infected bodily fluids.

Complications of Chlamydia

Untreated chlamydia puts you at risk for many complications.

When you have chlamydia, you're at more risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is an infection in your uterus and fallopian tubes.

PID can cause pelvic pain, fever, and severe infections that may require hospitalization. PID can cause damage to your fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, and cervix.

Chlamydia in men can cause an infection near the testicles called epididymitis—this type of infection results in a fever along with scrotal swelling and pain.

Prostate gland infections can also occur. Sometimes chlamydia spreads to the prostate gland and causes fever, chills, low back pain, and painful urination.

Chlamydia infections can also cause infertility and infections in newborns. Chlamydia also causes ectopic pregnancies. This type of pregnancy occurs when the egg grows outside of the uterus, usually in your fallopian tube. If your fallopian tubes burst, it can cause life-threatening complications.

What Tests Are Done to Diagnose Chlamydia

If you think you may have chlamydia, then you should make an appointment to see your doctor. Your doctor will ask you things like:

  • When did your symptoms begin?
  • Does anything make them worse?
  • Is there anything that relieves your symptoms?
  • What medications do you take daily?

Your doctor will also need to know details about your sex life. You'll be asked how many sexual partners you have or if you have a new sexual partner, as well as if you use condoms consistently.

Testing for chlamydia is pretty easy and usually includes a urine test and, and for women a swab of your cervix. Your doctor will insert a swab into the end of your penis to take a sample for men.

Lab Tests For Chlamydia

There are different lab tests available for chlamydia your doctor will order, depending on your symptoms.

One of the most common tests is the Chlamydia Urine Test. This test will detect the chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Before taking this test, you shouldn't urinate at least one hour before collecting your urine.

Often, your doctor will order a combined Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Urine Test as the two have similar symptoms. This test works the same way by detecting either the chlamydia trachomatis bacteria or the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria that causes gonorrhea.

Depending on your medical history and current medical conditions, your doctor may order a Chlamydia/Chlamydophila Ab Pnl 3 (IgG, IgA, IgM) antibody test to detect the species of chlamydia that can cause pneumonia.

Chlamydia can also cause other infections in the eye, urinary tract, and respiratory tract. Your doctor also may order a Chlamydia Trachomatis Antibody (IgM) if you're at risk.

More lab testing for STDs includes a Basic STD Panel, which tests for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes. You can also get a Comprehensive STD Panel that tests syphilis, herpes, gonorrhea, hepatitis, and chlamydia.

FAQs About Chlamydia

Frequently asked questions about chlamydia usually start with how it's spread. You can get chlamydia by having any sexual contact where you exchange body fluids with someone that has chlamydia.

Wondering how you can reduce your risk of getting chlamydia? If you're sexually active, you can greatly reduce your risk by:

  • Being in a monogamous relationship, and you both get tested   
  • Using latex condoms correctly each time you have sex

Are you pregnant and wondering how chlamydia can affect your baby? Chlamydia can pass to your baby from your vaginal secretions during delivery. This can cause lung or eye infections. If you have chlamydia, you're also more likely to deliver your baby early.

Chlamydia Testing at Ulta Lab Tests

Ulta Lab Tests offers highly accurate and reliable tests which allow you to make informed decisions about your health. Ulta Lab Tests gives you:

  • Secure and confidential results
  • No need for health insurance
  • No need for a physician's referral
  • Affordable pricing
  • A 100 percent satisfaction guarantee

If you order your Chlamydia testing today, your results will be provided to you within 24 to 48 hours in most cases.

Take control of your health and with Ulta Lab Tests.