Men's Health Lab Tests

Lab Tests for Men's Health and health information

Men’s health lab tests are essential to understanding your health and getting ahead of many potential male issues. And men’s health lab tests can offer a deeper understanding of what’s going on inside your body and how it is performing. 

Are you a man who is looking for ways to improve your health and wellness?

Men's health lab tests can help you understand what's happening inside your body and how it is performing. Our men's health lab tests offer a deeper understanding of what might be happening with your hormones, energy levels, cardiovascular system, performance, and more. We offer the most comprehensive set of men's health tests available online today!

You deserve to know exactly where you stand in terms of overall wellness. That means knowing if there are any issues that need to be addressed or monitored by you and your physician. Take control of your life today and order our men's health test from Ulta Lab Tests! It will give you peace of mind about the state of your current physical condition so that you can make proactive decisions about how best to take care of yourself moving forward. 

Ulta Lab Tests is the perfect way to take charge of your health! You can order discounted lab tests online 24/7, and we'll provide you with a doctor's authorization. Plus, our labs are located near you, with 2100 locations nationally. Results are typically available from Quest Diagnostics in 24 to 48 hours for most tests, and our customer service is always friendly and helpful.

By taking control of your health today with our men's health lab tests, you can get ahead of potential problems and ensure that you live a healthy and productive life. Order your lab tests now from the test selection listed below.

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This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212 which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

This panel contains Cortisol, A.M. #4212, which requires the patient to have their specimen collected between 7 a.m. - 9 a.m.

Description: 17-hydroxyprogesterone is a test that is measuring the levels of 17-OHP in the blood. 17-OHP is used to detect and monitor the treatment processes for congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Also Known As: 17-OHP Test, 17-OH Progesterone Test

Collection Method: Blood Draw

Specimen Type: Serum

Test Preparation: No preparation required

When is a 17-Hydroxyprogesterone test ordered?

The 17-OHP test is regularly ordered as part of a newborn screening and may be repeated if the screening test results are elevated to confirm the initial findings.

When an infant or young kid exhibits signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency or CAH, a 17-OHP test may be administered.

When the milder type of CAH is suspected, this test may be ordered in older children or adults. When a girl or woman is having symptoms that could be caused by CAH or another illness, such as PCOS, the 17-OHP test can be used.

Boys and men may be tested if they are experiencing early puberty or infertility.

When a person is diagnosed with 21-hydroxylase deficiency, a 17-OHP test may be ordered on a regular basis to assess treatment effectiveness.

What does a 17-Hydroxyprogesterone blood test check for?

17-hydroxyprogesterone is a steroid hormone that is created during the cortisol production process. This test detects and/or evaluates congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a hereditary disorder characterized by decreased adrenal cortisol and aldosterone production and increased male sex hormone production.

Cholesterol is the source of 17-OHP. It is a precursor of active steroid hormones, rather than an active steroid hormone.

Cortisol is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that aids in the breakdown of protein, carbohydrates, and fats, regulates the immune system, and maintains blood pressure. Other steroid hormones produced by the adrenal glands include aldosterone, which helps regulate salt levels and blood pressure, and androgens, which, like testosterone, cause male sexual characteristics and other consequences.

The processes in the synthesis of cortisol necessitate the use of several enzymes. Inadequate levels of cortisol are produced when one or more of these enzymes are insufficient or malfunctioning, as is the case with CAH. CAH is caused by a partial or total loss of the enzyme 21-hydroxylase, which accounts for around 90% of cases.

The adrenal gland grows in size because a low level of cortisol induces an increase in the level of a specific pituitary hormone that drives adrenal growth and hormone production. The increased size and activity, however, are insufficient to overcome the cortisol production bottleneck. Other chemicals that do not require the faulty enzyme, such as 17-hydroxyprogesterone and androgens, are created in excess. This is why 17-OHP testing can aid in the detection of CAH.

CAH is a set of hereditary illnesses characterized by cortisol-related enzyme deficits and caused by particular gene mutations. A mutation in the 21-hydroxylase gene causes around 90% of CAH cases, which can be diagnosed by an increase in 17-OHP in the blood. When both genes, one from each parent, contain mutations that reduce or cease the activity of the enzyme for which the gene codes, the disease is caused. Parents could be carriers, and carriers could not show any symptoms.

CAH with 21-hydroxylase deficiency can be inherited in two forms: severe and mild.

Severe forms can result in kids being born with severe aldosterone and cortisol deficits, necessitating medical treatment. This severe variant is most commonly found in infancy or early childhood through regular newborn screening. It may manifest in early childhood with signs and symptoms such as vomiting, listlessness, lack of energy, not eating properly, failure to thrive, dehydration, and low blood pressure if it is not found through screening, especially with severe sickness.

Excess male sex hormones can cause the development of male characteristics in females. Female babies' sex organs may not be obviously male or female, making it difficult to tell their gender at first. During childhood and adolescence, females may have excessive hair development on the face and body, as well as other male secondary sexual traits such as irregular menstruation. Men with this disorder may not appear different at birth, but they might develop sexual traits early in life, putting them at risk for fertility problems later in life.

Only partial lack of the enzyme may be present in the milder, though more prevalent type of CAH caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency. This kind of CAH, also known as late-onset or non-classical CAH, can manifest symptoms at any age during childhood, adolescence, or adulthood. Symptoms might be nonspecific, develop slowly over time, and differ from one person to the next. Though this type of CAH is rarely life-threatening, it can cause growth, development, and puberty issues in children, as well as infertility in adults.

Lab tests often ordered with a 17-Hydroxyprogesterone test:

  • Cortisol
  • ACTH
  • Testosterone
  • Androstenedione
  • Pregnenolone

Conditions where a 17-Hydroxyprogesterone test is recommended:

  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Adrenal Insufficiency
  • Addison Disease
  • Endocrine Syndromes
  • Infertility

How does my health care provider use a 17-Hydroxyprogesterone test?

The 17-hydroxyprogesterone test is used to detect congenital adrenal hyperplasia and can be used in the conjunction with other tests to diagnose and track CAH.

In the United States, the 17-OHP test is frequently ordered as part of newborn screening to detect CAH caused by a lack of 21-hydroxylase.

The 17-OHP test can be used to screen for CAH in older children and adults before symptoms develop, or to confirm a CAH diagnosis in persons who are already experiencing symptoms.


The presence of 17-OHP in the blood can help doctors diagnose CAH in older children and people who have a milder, "late-onset" variant of the disease.

A 17-OHP test, along with plasma renin activity, androstenedione, and testosterone assays, may be used to evaluate the success of treatment if someone is diagnosed with 21-hydroxylase insufficiency.

In women with symptoms such as abundant face and body hair and irregular periods, a 17-OHP test, along with other hormone testing, may be done to help rule out CAH. Women with probable polycystic ovarian syndrome and infertility, as well as those with suspected adrenal or ovarian malignancies, fall under this category.

False-positive results have been reported with 17-OHP testing, particularly the newborn screening test. Other tests may be performed if the level is higher but not to the point where it is indicative of CAH.

As a follow-up test, an ACTH test may be ordered. ACTH stimulation causes a significant increase in 17-OHP levels in CAH.

CYP21A2 gene mutations that cause the disorder may be detected by genetic testing.

A karyotype test may be ordered as a follow-up test to discover chromosome problems and to assist in determining the gender of a newborn.

Electrolytes may be ordered to determine the sodium and potassium levels of a person.

What do my 17 Hydroxyprogesterone test results mean?

If a newborn or infant has highly elevated 17-OHP levels, he or she is most likely suffering from CAH. If a person's levels are somewhat elevated, he or she may have a milder case of CAH or an 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency.

The absence of CAH due to a 21-hydroxylase deficit is most often shown by normal 17-OHP findings.

In a person with CAH, low or declining amounts suggest a positive response to treatment. High or rising levels may suggest that treatment has to be changed.

We advise having your results reviewed by a licensed medical healthcare professional for proper interpretation of your results.

Description: The Alpha-Fetoprotein and AFP-L3 test is a blood test used to detect the protein alpha-fetoprotein which is produced by the liver.

Also Known As: AFP Test, Total AFP Test, AFP-L3 Test, Alpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Markers, Alpha-Fetoprotein Test

Collection Method: Blood Draw

Specimen Type: Serum

Test Preparation: No preparation required

When is an Alpha-Fetoprotein and AFP-L3 test ordered?

An AFP blood test may be ordered by a healthcare provider:

  • When abdominal masses are felt during a medical examination or imaging testing reveal possible malignancies, it is likely that someone has liver cancer or certain malignancies of the testicles or ovaries.
  • When someone has been diagnosed with and treated for cancer of the liver, testicles, or ovaries, the success of treatment is being assessed.
  • When someone is being watched for a recurrence of cancer
  • Patients with persistent hepatitis or liver cirrhosis should be followed up on.
  • When a person has chronic liver illness, an AFP-L3 percent is occasionally ordered to help evaluate the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, test the efficiency of hepatocellular carcinoma treatment, or monitor for recurrence.

What does an Alpha-Fetoprotein and AFP-L3 blood test check for?

Alpha-fetoprotein is a protein produced predominantly by the liver of a developing baby and the yolk cavity of a developing embryo. When a baby is born, AFP levels are usually high and then rapidly drop. Liver injury and certain malignancies can drastically raise AFP levels. This test determines the amount of AFP in your blood.

When the liver cells regenerate, AFP is generated. AFP can be continuously high in chronic liver illnesses such hepatitis and cirrhosis. Certain cancers can produce extremely high quantities of AFP. Because of this, the AFP test can be used as a tumor marker. Many persons with hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatoblastoma, a kind of liver cancer that affects babies, have elevated levels of AFP. They're also discovered in certain persons who have testicular or ovarian cancer.

There are various different types of AFP. The normal AFP test measures total AFP, which includes all of the AFP variations. In the United States, this is the most common AFP test.

One of the AFP variations is known as L3 because of its propensity to attach to a protein called Lens culinaris agglutinin in the lab. The AFP-L3 percent test compares the quantity of AFP-L3 to the total amount of AFP and is a relatively recent test. Increased L3 levels are linked to a higher likelihood of developing hepatocellular carcinoma in the near future, as well as a worse prognosis, because L3-related malignancies are more aggressive.

AFP-L3 can be higher in people with hepatocellular carcinoma than in those with benign liver disorders who have low total AFP. In Japan, tumor markers such as total AFP and AFP-L3 are utilized in conjunction with ultrasound to monitor hepatocellular carcinoma. This procedure differs from that in the United States and Europe, but healthcare practitioners in the United States occasionally order the two tests.

Lab tests often ordered with an Alpha-Fetoprotein and AFP-L3 test:

  • CEA
  • CA-125
  • hCG Tumor Marker
  • DCP

Conditions where an Alpha-Fetoprotein and AFP-L3 test is recommended:

  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Testicular Cancer

How does my health care provider use an Alpha-Fetoprotein and AFP-L3 test?

The tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein is used to detect and diagnose malignancies of the liver, testicles, and ovaries. Despite the fact that the test is frequently done to monitor persons with chronic liver illnesses including cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis B, or hepatitis C who have an elevated lifetime risk of developing liver cancer, most current guidelines do not advocate it. An AFP test, together with imaging studies, may be ordered by a healthcare provider to try to diagnose liver cancer in its earliest and most treatable stages.

If a person has been diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma or another type of AFP-producing cancer, an AFP test may be done on a regular basis to assess treatment response and disease recurrence.

When comparing the amount of the AFP variation AFP-L3 to the total amount of AFP, an AFP-L3 percent is occasionally ordered. The AFP-L3 percent test is not extensively used in the United States, but it is becoming more popular in other nations, such as Japan. The test is used to assess the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma, particularly in people with chronic liver disease, as well as the response of the cancer to treatment.

What do my Alpha-fetoprotein test results mean?

Increased AFP levels can suggest the presence of cancer, such as liver cancer, ovarian cancer, or testicular germ cell tumors. However, not all cancers of the liver, ovary, or testicles produce substantial amounts of AFP.

Other malignancies, such as stomach, colon, lung, breast, and lymphoma, might sometimes have elevated levels, but it is rarely ordered to check these illnesses. Cirrhosis and hepatitis are two disorders that can generate elevated levels.

When using AFP as a monitoring tool, lower levels suggest a therapeutic response. If concentrations do not considerably drop after cancer therapy, usually to normal or near-normal levels, some tumor tissue may still be present.

If AFP levels start to rise, the cancer is most likely to return. However, because AFP levels can be deceiving in hepatitis or cirrhosis, AFP levels can be misleading. If AFP levels are not raised prior to therapy, the test will not be useful in monitoring treatment effectiveness or detecting recurrence.

People with chronic liver disease have a higher chance of getting liver cancer when their AFP levels rise from normal to moderately raised to significantly elevated. When total AFP and AFP-L3 percent are highly higher, the person is more likely to develop or have hepatocellular carcinoma in the next year or two. In persons with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, however, both AFP and AFP-L3 percent concentrations might be increased and fluctuate. In these circumstances, a significant increase in AFP is more essential than the test result's numerical value.

We advise having your results reviewed by a licensed medical healthcare professional for proper interpretation of your results.

When a male’s body does not produce enough testosterone, the condition is diagnosed as low testosterone, or “low T.” Testosterone is the primary androgen, or sex hormone, for men, and is produced mainly by the testicles. Testosterone maintains male physical characteristics, such as muscle mass and facial hair. It’s also responsible for sex drive, bone health, and overall red blood cell supply. The female body also produces testosterone in significantly smaller quantities. This piece will discuss the issue of low testosterone in adult men.

Testosterone production in the testicles is controlled by the pituitary gland, which is a tiny gland at the base of the brain. There are several reasons for low T, including testicular disease or failure (primary hypogonadism) or a disease or failure of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland (secondary hypogonadism).

Men tend to feel a natural decline in their testosterone level around the age of thirty. This normal stage of aging usually doesn’t cause significant issues. Low T, on its own, is not considered a disease. Low T, by itself, is not an indication that one needs to supplement testosterone with patches or injections. Diagnosing testosterone deficiency in adult males can be done with a combination of clinical evaluation and laboratory testing.

There are numerous factors, aside from aging, that can contribute to low T. Some causes of low T are conditions that men deal with later in their life, such as obesity. Other causes can be related to conditions like Klinefelter syndrome, that individuals are born with, although these conditions are much rarer.

Other things that can cause low testosterone can include:

  • Chronic diseases like HIV, liver disease, Type 2 diabetes, autoimmune diseases, or kidney disease
  • Trauma or injury to the testicles
  • Treating cancer by removing the testicles
  • Radiation or chemotherapy
  • Narcotic pain medications or antidepressants

The symptoms of low T can be treated with hormone replacement therapy. There are, however, risks with this treatment, and it may not be recommended for every man that suffers from low T.

Symptoms of Low T

There are numerous symptoms and signs of low T, that can vary dramatically from one man to another. Some of them are directly related to testosterone levels, like:

  • Reduced hair on the body and face
  • Extremely small testicles
  • Delayed or incomplete sexual development
  • Symptoms that could suggest a testosterone deficiency:
  • Overall low sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Lowered number of spontaneous erections
  • Larger breasts
  • Infertility

Some symptoms are less specific, that could be caused by a variety of conditions, such as:

  • Decreased bone mass
  • Decreased lean muscle mass
  • Depressions
  • Mood changes
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Obesity
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Poor memory
  • Reduced focus
  • Tests

The process of diagnosing low T starts with listing out a history of the individual’s symptoms, as well as a physical exam. Then, a series of laboratory tests should be scheduled to evaluate testosterone levels. The American Urological Association and The Endocrine Society both recommend utilizing both a clinical exam and laboratory tests to diagnose low T.

It’s important to note that one should not screen for low T in men without existing signs and symptoms. There are extra laboratory tests that can be used to find out the causes of low T, as well as to monitor individuals who are receiving supplemental hormones.

Lab Tests

Testosterone Levels – This is the single most important lab test for determining that testosterone levels are low. Blood should be taken first thing in the morning to help compensate for daily variations. The level should also be sampled on at least two separate days in order to confirm the results. Around thirty percent of men who initially test with low T levels have normal levels when they are retested. Testosterone can also be measured as a method to monitor the success of treatment.

Two-thirds of testosterone circulates in the blood attached to sex hormone binding globulin, and a little less than one-third of it circulates while bound to albumin. Less than four percent of it circulates as free testosterone in the blood. The bio-available fraction of testosterone is composed of the free plus the albumin-bound testosterone, and these can act on target tissues. Often, measuring the total testosterone will provide your medical team with enough information. In some cases, though, if the level of SHBG is not normal, it may be necessary to test for the free or bioavailable testosterone, as it will reflect an existing medical condition far more accurately.

The appropriate ranges for testosterone levels in adult men naturally decrease with age. Although lab test accuracy has gotten significantly better in the last 20-30 years, results can vary from one lab to another due to differences in equipment and techniques. It’s important to use the range provided by the performing laboratory to determine if your results are within a normal range.

It’s worth recognizing that even when men are younger, the range references the center of the population, so a percentage of the population will have a lower testosterone level than the reference number listed. It’s also important to consider whether older men should have their own specific reference range for testosterone, as the current range is based only on the testosterone levels of younger men. To summarize, men should speak with their healthcare provider about what testosterone test results mean.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH) – FSH is connected to sperm production, LH stimulates testosterone production overall. These tests are often used to help tell the difference between Low T that is caused by a testicular issue and low T that is caused by a problem that began in the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.

If testosterone is low, and LH and FSH levels are high, the source of Low T may originate in the testicles. When FSH and LH are normal or low, it can demonstrate that the source of low T is a pituitary issue. Normal FSH and LH are usually seen with low T related to age.

Prolactin – This is a pituitary hormone. This is what is tested if the pituitary gland could be the reason for low T. High prolactin levels can also indicate pituitary issues like a tumor. High prolactin can interfere with the function of the testicles.

Several tests can be run for men that are going through testosterone therapy to monitor side effects, including:

Hemoglobin – This should be watched for an increase in red blood cells, called polycythemia. This can be a side effect of hormone replacement therapy, which can lead to vascular issues such as blood clots.

Lipid Panel – This helps check for unhealthy lipid levels.

PSA – to check for prostate cancer