All Liver Tests

Liver Test and health information

Do you want to know how healthy your liver is?

Find out with a hepatic function panel and lab tests from Ulta Lab Tests to assess your liver function and health.

A hepatic function panel is the best way to test for liver health. It's a simple blood test that can tell you if there are any diseases or conditions that could affect the liver and any issues with your liver. If something does come up, it's important to get treatment right away, so you don't have any long-term problems.

If you want to learn more about your liver health and the lab tests that can help you, click on the title of the articles below.

A hepatic function panel is a blood test that measures the levels of certain enzymes and proteins in your liver. These tests can help detect diseases, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis. It's important to run routine tests like these, so you know what's going on inside your body.

You should have a hepatic function panel annually and if you're at risk for liver problems quarterly because it can help prevent serious health issues from arising. If you do have any symptoms of liver disease, get tested immediately! The sooner you catch it, the better chance you can treat it successfully before damage occurs. 

We offer affordable lab tests online with 2,000 sites around the country and convenient local testing. We provide you with accurate test results from Quest Diagnostics in as little as 24 to 48 hours for most tests to help you stay on track with your health. Furthermore, our affordable pricing is guaranteed, allowing you to receive the high-quality treatment you need without breaking the bank. Ulta Lab Tests will enable you to test quickly and confidently. 

If you're looking for a way to keep yourself healthy, then it's time to order your hepatic function panel and liver health tests today. These lab tests will give you peace of mind knowing that everything is working as it should be inside your body. You deserve nothing but the best when staying healthy, so don't wait any longer and order your liver blood tests from the list below. 


Name Matches
  • Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) [ 482 ]
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD) [ 593 ]
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) with INR [ 8847 ]
  • Hepatic Function Panel [ 10256 ]

  • Alpha-1-Antitrypsin, Quantitative [ 235 ]
  • Ceruloplasmin [ 326 ]
  • Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) [ 482 ]
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD) [ 593 ]
  • Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) [ 7573 ]
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) with INR [ 8847 ]
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) [ 10231 ]
  • Hepatic Function Panel [ 10256 ]
  • Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) and AFP-L3 [ 19529 ]

  • Alpha-1-Antitrypsin, Quantitative [ 235 ]
  • Ceruloplasmin [ 326 ]
  • Copper [ 363 ]
  • Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) [ 482 ]
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigen with Reflex Confirmation [ 498 ]
  • Hepatitis A Antibody, Total [ 508 ]
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD) [ 593 ]
  • Hepatitis B Core Antibody (IgM) [ 4848 ]
  • Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) [ 7573 ]
  • Hepatitis C AB with reflex to HCV RNA, QN, PCR [ 8472 ]
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) with INR [ 8847 ]
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) [ 10231 ]
  • Hepatic Function Panel [ 10256 ]
  • Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) and AFP-L3 [ 19529 ]

  • Alpha-1-Antitrypsin, Quantitative [ 235 ]
  • Ceruloplasmin [ 326 ]
  • Copper [ 363 ]
  • Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) [ 482 ]
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigen with Reflex Confirmation [ 498 ]
  • Hepatitis A Antibody, Total [ 508 ]
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD) [ 593 ]
  • Hepatitis B Core Antibody (IgM) [ 4848 ]
  • Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) [ 7573 ]
  • Hepatitis C AB with reflex to HCV RNA, QN, PCR [ 8472 ]
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) with INR [ 8847 ]
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) [ 10231 ]
  • Hepatic Function Panel [ 10256 ]
  • Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) and AFP-L3 [ 19529 ]
  • DCP (Des-Gamma-Carboxy-Prothrombin) [ 19982 ]
  • Hepatitis C Viral RNA, Quantitative, Real-Time PCR [ 35645 ]
     

Most Popular




The presence of LKM-1 antibodies can be used in conjunction with clinical findings and other laboratory tests to aid in the diagnosis of autoimmune liver diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis (AIH-2).


Tests in the Guide to Liver Lab Tests and Liver Function Test Interpretation



Acetaminophen is an analgesic agent that may be hepatotoxic when ingested in quantities exceeding 150 mg/kg.

Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness, most commonly due to autoantibody-mediated loss of functional acetylcholine receptors (AChR) in the neuromuscular junction. This assay aids in the differential diagnosis of MG-like muscle weakness, in differentiating between generalized MG and ocular MG, and in monitoring therapeutic response. If binding antibodies are negative, assays for blocking and modulating antibodies should be considered.

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness, most commonly due to autoantibody-mediated loss of functional acetylcholine receptors (AChR) in the neuromuscular junction. This assay is most useful when the acetylcholinesterase receptor modulating antibodies are positive. The assay for blocking antibodies is useful in monitoring response to therapy.

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness, most commonly due to autoantibody-mediated loss of functional acetylcholine receptors (AChR) in the neuromuscular junction. Modulating Antibody to AChR causes weakness by inhibiting or modulating binding to the receptors.

Actin is the major antigen to which smooth muscle antibodies react in autoimmune hepatitis. F-Actin IgG antibodies are found in 52-85% of patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) or chronic active hepatitis and in 22% of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Anti-actin antibodies have been reported in 3-18% of sera from normal healthy controls.





Serum albumin measurements are used in the monitoring and treatment of numerous diseases involving those related to nutrition and pathology particularly in the liver and kidney. Serum albumin is valuable when following response to therapy where improvement in the serum albumin level is the best sign of successful medical treatment. There may be a loss of albumin in the gastrointestinal tract, in the urine secondary to renal damage or direct loss of albumin through the skin. More than 50% of patients with gluten enteropathy have depressed albumin. The only cause of increased albumin is dehydration; there is no naturally occurring hyperalbuminemia

Most Popular
Aids in the diagnosis of primary disease of skeletal muscle myocardial infarction and viral hepatitis.

Description: An Alkaline Phosphatase test or ALP is a blood test that is used to screen for and monitor liver disease, bone disorders, and gallbladder disease.

Also Known As: ALP Test, Alk Phos Test, Alkp Test

Collection Method: Blood Draw

Specimen Type: Serum

Test Preparation: No preparation required

When is an Alkaline Phosphatase test ordered?

An ALP test may be requested as a standard laboratory test, frequently in conjunction with a liver panel of further assays. When a person exhibits signs of a liver or bone issue, it is frequently requested in conjunction with a number of additional tests.

What does an Alkaline Phosphatase test check for?

An enzyme called alkaline phosphatase is present in many bodily tissues. The cells that make up bone and the liver have the highest quantities of ALP. Liver illness or bone diseases are the most frequent causes of high blood levels of ALP. The blood's concentration of ALP is determined by this test.

ALP is located in the liver on the margins of cells that converge to form bile ducts, which are minuscule tubes that transport bile from the liver to the bowels, where it is required to aid in the digestion of dietary fat. Osteoblasts, specialized cells involved in bone production, are responsible for producing ALP in bone. Isoenzymes, which are produced in unique forms by each type of tissue, are ALP.

For instance, when one or more bile ducts are obstructed, ALP blood levels may significantly rise. Gallbladder inflammation or gallstones may be the cause of this. Blood ALP levels rise slightly more subtly in cirrhosis, liver cancer, hepatitis, and when liver-toxic medications are used.

Increased ALP levels can result from any condition that promotes excessive bone growth, including bone diseases like Paget's disease. Because their bones are still growing, children and adolescents often have higher blood ALP levels. Because of this, the ALP test needs to be interpreted differently for children and adults.

It is feasible to distinguish between the various ALP forms generated by various bodily tissues. A test may be run to identify which isoenzyme is elevated in the blood if it is unclear from clinical signs and symptoms whether the cause of a high ALP test result is liver or bone illness.

Lab tests often ordered with an Alkaline Phosphatase test:

  • AST
  • ALT
  • GGT
  • Bilirubin
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
  • Hepatic Function Panel
  • Alkaline Phosphatase Isoenzymes

Conditions where an Alkaline Phosphatase test is recommended:

  • Lier Disease
  • Hepatitis
  • Cirrhosis
  • Jaundice
  • Osteoporosis
  • Paget’s Disease
  • Vitamin D Deficiency

How does my health care provider use an Alkaline Phosphatase test?

Using the alkaline phosphatase test, liver disease and bone diseases can be found.

Damaged liver cells produce more ALP into the blood under situations that harm the liver. Because ALP levels are particularly high at the margins of the cells that unite to form bile ducts, this test is frequently used to identify obstructed bile ducts. Blood levels of ALP are frequently high when one or more of them are blocked, such as by a tumor.

ALP levels in the blood can be impacted by any illness or disease that hinders bone development or increases bone cell activity. For instance, an ALP test may be used to identify tumors that have metastasized to the bones or to identify Paget's disease, a condition that results in deformed bones. This examination could occasionally be used to track the progress of patients being treated for Paget's disease or other bone disorders such vitamin D insufficiency.

Tests for the ALP isoenzyme may be performed to identify the cause if ALP readings are elevated but it is unclear whether this is related to liver or bone illness. To distinguish between liver and bone illness, one may additionally perform a GGT test and/or a test for 5'-nucleotidase. The levels of GGT and 5'-nucleotidase are elevated in liver illness but not in disorders of the bones.

What do my Alkaline Phosphatase test results mean?

High ALP typically indicates the presence of a disease that increases bone cell activity or liver damage.

The liver is typically where the elevated ALP is coming from if other liver tests, such as bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, or alanine aminotransferase, are also high. The high ALP is probably the result of liver illness if GGT or 5-nucleotidase levels are also elevated. If one of these two tests comes out normal, a bone issue is probably to blame for the high ALP. The ALP is typically coming from bone if calcium and/or phosphorus readings are abnormal.

A test for ALP isoenzymes may be required to differentiate between bone and liver ALP if it is unclear from signs and symptoms or other regular testing whether the high ALP is from the liver or bone.

ALP test findings are typically analyzed alongside those of other liver disease testing. ALP is commonly significantly less increased than AST and ALT in several types of liver illness, such as hepatitis. ALP and bilirubin may increase substantially higher than AST or ALT when the bile ducts are obstructed. ALP levels in liver cancer may also be higher.

ALP may be elevated in some bone illnesses, such as Paget's disease, which causes enlarged and misshapen bones, or in some cancers that extend to the bone.

ALP levels will eventually drop or return to normal if Paget's disease is successfully treated in a patient. ALP levels should fall if someone with liver or bone cancer responds to therapy.

Other illnesses include Hodgkin's lymphoma, congestive heart failure, ulcerative colitis, and specific bacterial infections can cause moderately high ALP.

ALP levels may briefly drop after cardiac bypass surgery or blood transfusions. Levels may drop as a result of a zinc deficiency. Hypophosphatasia, a rare genetic bone metabolism condition, can result in extremely low levels of ALP that persist for a long time. Wilson disease, protein insufficiency, and malnutrition are further potential reasons of low ALP.

We advise having your results reviewed by a licensed medical healthcare professional for proper interpretation of your results.


When the Total Alkaline Phosphatase activity is increased, the Isoenzymes are useful in determining the source of the increased activity.



Nearly 4.5 million Americans — almost 1 in every 50 — live with liver disease. Are you one of them? If you're not sure, it might be time to order a liver function test.

A hepatic function panel tests how well your liver is working. Taking the initiative to check your liver function before noticing a problem could help you avoid serious health issues. 

Keep reading to learn what a hepatic function panel is, how it can help you catch health issues early, and how you can order it yourself online. 

What is a Decline in Hepatic Function?

Your liver is your body's hard-working multitasker. It performs many crucial functions, including:

  • Monitoring and regulating chemicals in your blood
  • Cleaning toxins from your blood
  • Performing functions with your immune system
  • Storing energy in the form of glycogen
  • Helping break down fatty food
  • Breaking down old red blood cells

Your liver is important to almost every function in your body. When your liver works poorly, your whole body can be affected. In medicine, this is known as a decline in hepatic function. 

Declining hepatic function can lead to serious health complications. That's why it's important to check your liver health as soon as you suspect that there may be a problem. 

Risk Factors for a Decline in Hepatic Function

You should watch for signs of liver problems if you have any risk factors for liver damage, including:

  • Traveling without being vaccinated against Hepatitis
  • Drinking more than the recommended maximum amount of alcohol per day
  • Being in contact with needles that aren't clean
  • Taking more than the recommended amount of medication that can harm your liver

While none of these risk factors guarantee that you will have a decline in hepatic function, they make it more likely that you will have liver problems.

Causes of a Decline in Hepatic Function

A decline in hepatic function is usually caused by liver damage or disease, such as:

  • A virus that damages the liver (such as Hepatitis A, B, and C)
  • Naturally occurring toxins
  • Excessive drug use (both street drugs and prescribed drugs)
  • Alcohol-related liver damage (alcoholic cirrhosis)
  • Liver cancer

A chronic disease like alcoholism can damage your liver slowly over a long period of time. Other diseases, such as viruses, can damage your liver quickly and leave you with lasting liver problems.

Signs and Symptoms of a Decline in Hepatic Function

If your liver is damaged, you'll need to get help immediately. Symptoms of low hepatic function include:

  • Jaundice (yellow color of your skin and eyes)
  • Light-colored stool and dark-colored urine
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
  • Pain in your lower abdomen
  • Fatigue

If you see any of these symptoms of liver failure develop, you could be at risk for serious illness from liver damage and should have your liver function assessed right away.  

How is Decline in Hepatic Function Diagnosed?

A lab can analyze your hepatic function using blood tests. When you order your liver test online, you'll go to a patient service center to get a blood draw. They will take a sample of blood on which to perform tests.

Lab Tests to Screen, Diagnose, and Monitor Decline in Hepatic Function

Because your liver performs so many functions, a hepatic function panel includes a wide range of tests. These blood tests check how well your liver is doing its various tasks.

There are so many possible liver function tests that they are usually bundled together into a liver function panel. The most common tests included in a liver function panel are:

  • Aspartate transaminase (AST)
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT)
  • Bilirubin
  • Albumin and total protein
  • Blood creatinine 
  • Ammonia

Once you've been diagnosed with a decline in hepatic function, you can continue to order liver function panels to monitor your liver's status. 

You can also get lab tests to diagnose the cause of your liver problems, including:

These tests can help you narrow down the source of damage to your liver.

Frequently Asked Questions About Decline in Hepatic Function

Fortunately, testing hepatic function involves straightforward tests. However, you may still have questions. 

Are There Any Risks Involved in a Hepatic Function Panel?

When you get your hepatic function tested, the only risks involved are the normal side effects of getting a blood test. You may see some bleeding and bruising around the blood test site. To minimize bruising, put a bandage over the site and hold it on with firm pressure for several minutes after the blood test. 

Should I Fast Before My Hepatic Function Tests?

It depends on which tests you order. Some tests do not require you to fast before you have your blood drawn, but others do. Make sure to ask your doctor or online medical professional about the specific tests that you have ordered.

Keep in mind that you may want to order other tests in addition to your hepatic function panel, like a comprehensive metabolic panel, and have them all done at once. If you are ordering other tests, you may need to fast for those ones, even if you don't have to fast for your hepatic function tests.

To fast, avoid eating for 12 hours before the test. Avoid drinking anything other than water. 

Do I Have To Wait For a Doctor to Order Hepatic Function Tests For Me?

When you order your lab test online, you don't have to wait for a doctor's referral. This saves you time and money.

Catch Liver Disease Early With a Hepatic Function Panel

Your liver is one of the most essential organs in your body. If your liver is damaged, you should know about it right away. 

Ulta Lab Tests lets you order lab tests with no need for a physician referral, so you can be proactive about your health. You'll get your confidential results in as little as 24 to 48 hours.

Take control of your liver health today with a hepatic function panel test from Ulta Lab Tests.

Jaundice, also called icterus, is a condition where the skin, the whites of the eyes, and even body fluids turn significantly yellow following an increase in the levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance that forms from the normal breakdown of red blood cells (or RBCs). Red blood cells normally live for about 120 days before being broken down by the body, a process that results in the formation of bilirubin. Bilirubin is then transported to the liver where it is metabolized and excreted in bile. Bile is a yellow-green-to-brown fluid that is released into the duodenum to help in the digestion of lipids and the elimination of waste substances like bilirubin and excess cholesterol. Changes to the normal metabolism process or overproduction of bilirubin may lead to jaundice. 

Jaundice is not an illness, per se. Rather, it is a medical condition that may indicate an underlying liver, pancreas, or gallbladder problem. Jaundice can be caused by several factors, including infections, cancer, use of certain drugs, gallstones, blood disorders, inherited conditions, congenital disabilities, among other medical conditions.

Generally, the causes of jaundice may be categorized into these three groups: 

  • Conditions that arise from the inability of the liver to metabolize and eliminate bilirubin 
  • Conditions that cause shortened life for red blood cells, which in turn leads to increased levels of bilirubin 
  • Conditions that inhibit the elimination of bilirubin from the body 

Common Causes of Jaundice 

Acute hepatitis: inflammation of the liver due to various reasons, including hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E, alcohol abuse, viral infections, toxins, and some medicines such as acetaminophen. 

Blockage of the bile duct, which may be caused by: 

  • Damage and Scarring 
  • Biliary atresia, a congenital condition linked to the abnormal development of the bile duct, which results in the backup and pooling of bile and an increase in the level of bilirubin in the blood. 
  • Gallstones 
  • Pancreatic cancer may sometimes lead to the blockage of the bile duct. 

Conditions that result in a significant increase in the rate of red blood cell destruction cause an increase in bilirubin production. Such conditions include hemolytic anemia, due to an abnormal variant of hemoglobin, autoimmune disorders, malaria, or hemolytic disease of the newborn (or HDN). 

Gilbert syndrome: an inherited condition that is associated with reduced bilirubin metabolism due to decreased enzyme activity. Individuals with Gilbert syndrome may have passing jaundice during times of sickness or stress and times of increased levels of unconjugated bilirubin. 

Cirrhosis: jaundice can occur in the late stages of cirrhosis. 

Laboratory Tests 

Some of the tests used to assess liver function and detect liver damage include: 

Liver panel, which often comprises: 

ALT (or Alanine aminotransferase) 

AST (or Aspartate aminotransferase) 

ALP (or Alkaline phosphatase) 

Bilirubin, Total (conjugated and unconjugated), Direct (conjugated) and Indirect (unconjugated) 

GGT (or Gamma-glutamyl transferase) 

Albumin 

Prothrombin time (or PT): the liver produces essential proteins for blood clotting/coagulation. The PT measures the clotting function, which may indicate liver damage if abnormal. 

Urine bilirubin, which often falls under a urinalysis 

Some tests are important for the detection of infections that affect the liver, including: 

Tests that come in handy in detecting reduced red blood cell survival include: