Thyroid Panel with TSH

The Thyroid Panel with TSH test contains 1 test with 4 biomarkers.

Brief Description: The Thyroid Panel with TSH test is a blood test designed to evaluate the function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, plays a vital role in regulating metabolism, energy, and mood by producing thyroid hormones. This panel tests for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH), Free Thyroxine Index (T7), T3 Uptake, and T4 Total.

Collection Method: Blood Draw

Specimen Type: Serum

Test Preparation: No preparation required

When and Why a Thyroid Panel with TSH Test May Be Ordered

A Thyroid Panel with TSH test might be ordered:

  • Symptomatic Assessment: In patients presenting with symptoms of hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) such as anxiety, weight loss, tremors, or hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.

  • Monitoring: In individuals who are already diagnosed with a thyroid disorder and are on treatment to ensure the medication dose is appropriate.

  • Routine Check-up: As a part of a comprehensive health screening in some patients, especially if they have a family history of thyroid disorders or other auto-immune conditions.

  • Pregnancy: In pregnant women, especially if they have a history of thyroid issues, as thyroid imbalances can affect fetal development.

What the Thyroid Panel with TSH Test Checks For

  • TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)

  • Free T4 (Thyroxine) Index

  • T3 (Triiodothyronine) Uptake

  • T4 (Thyroxine) Total

Other Lab Tests Ordered Alongside the Thyroid Panel with TSH Test

When a Thyroid Panel with TSH is ordered, it's often part of a broader assessment of thyroid health and related conditions. Here are some tests commonly ordered alongside it:

  1. Free T4 (Thyroxine) and Free T3 (Triiodothyronine):

    • Purpose: To measure the levels of the active thyroid hormones.
    • Why Is It Ordered: To evaluate thyroid function more comprehensively. TSH alone can indicate if there's a problem, but T4 and T3 levels help to pinpoint whether the issue is hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, and how severe it is.
  2. Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPO Antibodies):

    • Purpose: To detect antibodies against thyroid peroxidase, an enzyme important for thyroid hormone production.
    • Why Is It Ordered: To help diagnose autoimmune thyroid diseases, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis (a common cause of hypothyroidism) and, less commonly, Graves' disease.
  3. Thyroglobulin Antibodies (TG Antibodies):

    • Purpose: To detect antibodies against thyroglobulin, a protein involved in thyroid hormone production.
    • Why Is It Ordered: To support the diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and to monitor certain thyroid cancers.
  4. Reverse T3 (rT3):

    • Purpose: To measure the level of reverse T3, an inactive form of the thyroid hormone.
    • Why Is It Ordered: Sometimes used to assess thyroid function, particularly in complex cases like euthyroid sick syndrome or to evaluate the body's response to stress or illness.
  5. Calcium and Phosphorus Levels:

    • Purpose: To measure the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood.
    • Why Is It Ordered: Thyroid disorders can sometimes impact calcium metabolism, especially in cases involving parathyroid glands.
  6. Complete Blood Count (CBC):

    • Purpose: To evaluate overall blood health.
    • Why Is It Ordered: To check for anemia or other blood cell abnormalities that can be associated with thyroid dysfunction.
  7. Lipid Profile:

    • Purpose: To measure levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.
    • Why Is It Ordered: Hypothyroidism can lead to elevated cholesterol levels, so this test can be useful in assessing the metabolic effects of thyroid disorders.
  8. Liver Function Test:

    • Purpose: To assess liver health.
    • Why Is It Ordered: Thyroid hormones can affect liver function, and abnormal thyroid function can sometimes manifest in altered liver enzyme levels.

These tests, when ordered alongside a Thyroid Panel with TSH, provide a comprehensive evaluation of thyroid function and can help in diagnosing thyroid disorders, assessing their impact on other body systems, and guiding treatment decisions. The specific combination of tests will depend on the individual’s symptoms, clinical presentation, and medical history.

Conditions or Diseases that Require a Thyroid Panel with TSH Test

  • Hypothyroidism: An underactive thyroid not producing enough hormones.

  • Hyperthyroidism: An overactive thyroid producing excess hormones.

  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: An autoimmune disorder where the body attacks its thyroid gland, leading to hypothyroidism.

  • Graves' Disease: Another autoimmune disorder, but it causes hyperthyroidism.

  • Goiter or Thyroid Nodules: Enlargement of the thyroid gland or growths on it may necessitate checking its function.

Usage of Thyroid Panel with TSH Test Results by Health Care Providers

Healthcare providers use the results of the Thyroid Panel with TSH test to:

  • Diagnose: Confirm or rule out thyroid disorders in symptomatic patients.

  • Monitor: Track the progress of patients on thyroid medications to adjust doses if necessary.

  • Guide Treatment: For example, in the case of autoimmune thyroid disorders, where the approach might differ based on the specific condition and the severity of hormone imbalance.

In conclusion, the Thyroid Panel with TSH test provides a comprehensive overview of thyroid function, assisting healthcare providers in diagnosing, treating, and monitoring thyroid disorders. Regular monitoring and timely intervention can prevent potential complications and improve patients' quality of life.

Most Common Questions About the Thyroid Panel with TSH test:

Purpose and Indications of the Thyroid Panel with TSH Test

What is the Thyroid Panel with TSH test used for?

The Thyroid Panel with TSH test is used to evaluate thyroid function and/or help diagnose thyroid disorders. It's instrumental in diagnosing conditions like hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and other thyroid-related disorders.

Why might someone need a Thyroid Panel with TSH test?

A healthcare provider might order this test if a patient presents with symptoms of a thyroid disorder, such as fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, sensitivity to cold, hair loss, or rapid heart rate. Additionally, the test might be ordered periodically to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for a known thyroid condition.

Implications and Management

If someone has abnormal results on the Thyroid Panel with TSH test, what might be the next steps?

Depending on the results, the doctor may order additional tests to further understand the underlying cause, such as thyroid antibodies tests to check for autoimmune thyroid conditions like Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Graves' disease. If a thyroid disorder is diagnosed, treatment options might include medications, lifestyle changes, or even surgical interventions in severe cases.

Can dietary or lifestyle factors influence the results of the Thyroid Panel with TSH test?

Yes, certain foods, supplements, and medications can impact thyroid function and the absorption of thyroid medications. For instance, consuming a lot of soy products, iron, or calcium can affect the absorption of thyroid medication. Stress and acute illnesses can also temporarily affect thyroid function.

Test Mechanisms and Specifics

How often should someone with a known thyroid disorder get the Thyroid Panel with TSH test?

The frequency of testing depends on the specific thyroid condition, the treatment being used, and how well the condition is managed. For those starting or adjusting thyroid medications, more frequent testing might be required (e.g., every 6-8 weeks). Once stable, annual testing might suffice.

Can non-thyroidal illnesses affect the results of the Thyroid Panel with TSH test?

Yes, non-thyroidal illnesses, often referred to as "euthyroid sick syndrome," can cause abnormal thyroid function tests without an actual problem with the thyroid gland. 

Additional Information

Why is iodine important in the context of the Thyroid Panel with TSH test?

Iodine is an essential element used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Insufficient iodine intake can lead to reduced thyroid hormone production and potentially cause a goiter (an enlarged thyroid). In areas where iodine deficiency is common, dietary supplementation is often recommended.

We advise having your results reviewed by a licensed medical healthcare professional for proper interpretation of your results.

The following is a list of what is included in the item above. Click the test(s) below to view what biomarkers are measured along with an explanation of what the biomarker is measuring.

Free T4 Index (T7)

FTI stands for the Free Thyroxine Index and is also sometimes referred to as T7. It is a calculated value determined from the T3 uptake test and total T4 test and provides an estimate of the level of free T4 in the blood.

T3 Uptake

T3 uptake is also known as T3 Resin Uptake (T3RU) or Thyroid Uptake. It estimates how much thyroid hormone-binding proteins are available in the blood through a calculation based on levels of T3 or T4 added to a person's blood specimen.

T4 (Thyroxine), Total

This test measures the amount of thyroxine, or T4, in the blood. T4 is one of two major hormones produced by the thyroid gland. The total T4 test is used to help diagnose hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It is a useful test but can be affected by the amount of protein available in the blood to bind to the hormone.

TSH

A TSH test is a lab test that measures the amount of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in your blood. TSH is produced by the pituitary gland. It tells the thyroid gland to make and release thyroid hormones into the blood.
*Process times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. The lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

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