Mycotoxin Inflammation Panel

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The following is a list of what is included in the item above. Click the test(s) below to view what biomarkers are measured along with an explanation of what the biomarker is measuring.


C3a Desarg Fragment


Also known as: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Vegf

Vascular Endothelial

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The Mycotoxin Inflammation Panel panel contains 6 tests with 6 biomarkers.

The Mycotoxin Inflammation Panel is a specialized test designed to detect inflammation in the body that may be a result of mycotoxin exposure. Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by fungi, and exposure to them can lead to various health problems. Each component of the panel serves a unique purpose in evaluating inflammation and potential mycotoxin exposure:

  • ALPHA MELANOCYTE STIMULATING HORMONE (α-MSH): α-MSH is a peptide hormone involved in the regulation of appetite and skin pigmentation, but it also plays a role in the anti-inflammatory response. Abnormal levels may indicate a disruption in the body's ability to control inflammation, which could be influenced by mycotoxins.
  • C3a Desarg Fragment: This is a complement component, part of the immune system that helps clear pathogens from the body. The C3a desarg fragment is a byproduct of complement activation, and elevated levels can suggest ongoing inflammation, possibly due to an immune response triggered by mycotoxins.
  • HUMAN TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA 1 (TGF-β1): TGF-β1 is a regulatory cytokine that plays a critical role in tissue regeneration and immune system regulation. It can be anti-inflammatory or pro-inflammatory based on the context. High levels are often associated with chronic inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, which may be exacerbated by mycotoxin exposure.
  • Leptin: This hormone, produced by fat cells, regulates appetite and energy balance, but it also has significant effects on the immune system and inflammation. Elevated leptin levels can indicate a state of inflammation and may reflect the body's response to stressors such as mycotoxins.
  • MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 9 (MMP 9): MMP 9 is an enzyme involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix proteins and can be a marker of tissue remodeling and inflammation. Elevated MMP 9 levels may indicate a breakdown of tissue barriers, which can occur in response to persistent inflammation from mycotoxin exposure.
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF): VEGF is a signal protein that promotes the growth of blood vessels. While it is crucial for wound healing, in the context of inflammation, increased VEGF levels may contribute to a pro-inflammatory environment and could be stimulated by the presence of mycotoxins.

Together, these tests provide a comprehensive picture of the inflammatory state of the body and can help in assessing whether mycotoxins may be contributing to this inflammation. By understanding the interplay between these different markers, healthcare providers can better diagnose and manage conditions related to mycotoxin exposure.

Mycotoxins, which are toxic compounds produced by certain types of molds or fungi, can lead to various health issues when humans are exposed to them. These exposures can occur through ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact with mold-contaminated environments or foods. Some of the conditions that may be related to mycotoxin exposure include:

  1. Allergic Reactions: Mycotoxins can provoke allergic responses, which may manifest as respiratory symptoms, skin rashes, or sinus problems.

  2. Respiratory Issues: Chronic exposure to mycotoxins, particularly through inhalation in mold-infested buildings, can lead to respiratory problems like asthma, wheezing, and chronic bronchitis.

  3. Immune System Suppression: Certain mycotoxins can suppress the immune system, making the body more susceptible to infections and reducing the effectiveness of the immune response.

  4. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: There is some evidence to suggest that mycotoxin exposure could be linked to chronic fatigue syndrome, a condition characterized by extreme fatigue that doesn't improve with rest.

  5. Neurological Symptoms: Some mycotoxins have neurotoxic effects and can cause symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, and cognitive impairments.

  6. Mycotoxicosis: This term refers to poisoning from mycotoxin exposure. Symptoms can vary widely but often include gastrointestinal upset, such as nausea and vomiting, as well as acute liver or kidney damage.

  7. Aflatoxicosis: Specifically from aflatoxins, a type of mycotoxin, this condition can lead to liver damage, including liver cancer.

  8. Fusarium Infection: Fusarium species can produce mycotoxins that lead to both localized infections and more systemic issues, such as hematologic abnormalities and gastrointestinal symptoms.

  9. Mold-Induced Hypersensitivity: Repeated exposure can lead to a heightened sensitivity to mold, causing more severe reactions upon subsequent exposures.

  10. Gastrointestinal Disorders: Certain mycotoxins can irritate the gastrointestinal tract, causing symptoms like diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting.

It is important to note that the presence of mycotoxins does not always lead to these conditions. The risk of developing health issues from mycotoxin exposure depends on the duration and extent of exposure, the type of mycotoxin, and an individual's susceptibility, including their age and overall health status.

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