Lipoprotein Electrophoresis

The Lipoprotein Electrophoresis test contains 1 test with 8 biomarkers.

Lipoproteins are the molecules which carry cholesterol and triglycerides throughout the body. They are both vital to daily bodily functions like building cell membranes, hormones, and providing energy to body tissue. However, an excess of either, in particular cholesterol, can put a person at serious risk for cardiovascular disease. To help measure the type and amount of cholesterol in the body and determine potential risk for cardiovascular disease, lipoprotein electrophoresis is frequently performed. During this type of electrophoresis, the quantity of each lipoprotein class is measured based on its movement in an electrical field.There are four major classes of lipoproteins:• Chylomicrons, which circulate in the blood and deposit the triglycerides in fatty tissue• Very low-density lipoproteins, which like chylomicrons also circulate in the blood and deposit triglycerides in fatty tissue but contain a higher concentration of cholesterol• Low-density lipoproteins, also called “bad cholesterol,” form 60 to 70 percent of a person’s total cholesterol• High-density lipoproteins, also called “good cholesterol,” removes excess cholesterol from tissues in the bodyIn general, the higher the level of high-density lipoprotein, the lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, and vice versa, though all of the lipoproteins play a role. Therefore, it is very important to get the most accurate results from your lipoprotein electrophoresis assay. That is where Sebia Electrophoresis comes in. Our company is dedicated to developing and improving traditional and innovative electrophoresis assays that produce the highest quality results.

The following is a list of what is included in the item above. Click the test(s) below to view what biomarkers are measured along with an explanation of what the biomarker is measuring.

Also known as: LPE

Alpha Lipoproteins

Beta Lipoproteins

Cholesterol, Total

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in all parts of the body. Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much in your blood, it can combine with other substances in the blood and stick to the walls of your arteries. This is called plaque. Plaque can narrow your arteries or even block them. High levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase your risk of heart disease. Your cholesterol levels tend to rise as you get older. There are usually no signs or symptoms that you have high blood cholesterol, but it can be detected with a blood test. You are likely to have high cholesterol if members of your family have it, if you are overweight or if you eat a lot of fatty foods. You can lower your cholesterol by exercising more and eating more fruits and vegetables. You also may need to take medicine to lower your cholesterol.

Chylomicrons

Interpretation

Pre-Beta Lipoproteins

Serum Appearance

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are a form of fat and a major source of energy for the body. This test measures the amount of triglycerides in the blood. Most triglycerides are found in fat (adipose) tissue, but some triglycerides circulate in the blood to provide fuel for muscles to work. After a person eats, an increased level of triglycerides is found in the blood as the body converts the energy not needed right away into fat. Triglycerides move via the blood from the gut to adipose tissue for storage. In between meals, triglycerides are released from fat tissue to be used as an energy source for the body. Most triglycerides are carried in the blood by lipoproteins called very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). High levels of triglycerides in the blood are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), although the reason for this is not well understood. Certain factors can contribute to high triglyceride levels and to risk of CVD, including lack of exercise, being overweight, smoking cigarettes, consuming excess alcohol, and medical conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease.
*Process times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. The lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.